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39 Stan. Envtl. L. J. 71 (2019-2020)
Returning the Yurok Forest to the Yurok Tribe: California's First Tribal Carbon Credit Project

handle is hein.journals/staev39 and id is 79 raw text is: 








     Returning the Yurok Forest to the Yurok

 Tribe: California's First Tribal Carbon Credit

                              Project



               Beth   Rose   Middleton Manning

                          Kaitlin   Reed'



    The  Yurok Tribe's 57,578-acre land acquisition is significant for its
size (one of the largest tribal conservation land acquisitions in the US),
funding  mechanisms   (carbon offsets, State Revolving Loan fund, non-
point source  loans, and new  market  tax credits), innovation (the first
forest carbon  offset project under the California  Compliance   Offset
Protocol)  and partnerships (conservation, tribal, private, and state). It
exemplifies  the exercise  of inherent  tribal sovereignty  to achieve
economic  development,  land reclamation, and recognition of Indigenous
ecological authority. The Yurok Tribe incorporated  management   of the
forest to sequester carbon into its own cultural stewardship framework,
and  did so in a way  that changed  the terms of the California carbon
offset program to enable tribal participation. The Tribe has exercised its
status as a sovereign entity to influence natural resource policy in the
state, create international diplomatic relations with Indigenous peoples
in  other nations considering cap-and-trade,  and to insert Indigenous
values  into climate change policy. Focusing on the Yurok forest carbon
offsets, this article highlights the possibilities of using the sale of carbon

     1. Beth Rose Middleton Manning is Assoc. Prof. and Chair, and current Yocha Dehe
 Endowed Chair, in the Dept. of Native American Studies at UC Davis. Kaitlin Reed is an Assist:
 Prof. in the Dept. of Native American Studies at Humboldt State University. The authors would
 like to acknowledge and express their gratitude for the contributions of Javier Kinney (former
 Yurok Tribe Executive Director), Cam Tredennick, and Nathan Voegeli, as well as the
 suggestions provided by Yurok Tribe environmental and legal staff.


71

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