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30 Stan. Envtl. L. J. 3 (2011)
The Future of Food Eco-Labeling: Organic, Carbon Footprint, and Environmental Life-Cycle Analysis

handle is hein.journals/staev30 and id is 5 raw text is: The Future of Food Eco-Labeling:
Organic, Carbon Footprint, and
Environmental Life-Cycle Analysis
JasonJ. Czarnezki*
I. INTRODUCTION                    ............................................. 4
II. FOOD AND THE ENVIRONMENT               ...........................7
A.    Agricultural Practices  ............................. 8
B.    The Livestock and Fishing Industries  ..   .............. 10
C.    Food Processing and Distribution Systems ................. 12
III. EXISTING ENVIRONMENTAL LABELING REGIMES FOR FOOD ........ 13
A.   Organic Labeling.............................. 14
1.  The United States Organic Foods Production Act &
National Organic Program ......    ............. 15
2.  The European Union Organic Program .............. 17
B.    Carbon Footprint Labeling ..................... 18
C.    Country of Origin Labeling and Other Food Labels...... 21
IV. THE SWEDISH EXPERIMENT     ................................. 23
A.    New Swedish Dietary Guidelines     .................. 23
B.    Climate Labeling for Food...................... 25
V. ENVIRONMENTAL FEDERALISM: A LIFE-CYCLE ECO-LABEL FOR
FOOD ........................................... 30
A.    The Merits of Federal Legislation .......  .......... 32
B.    A State-Sponsored Environmental Life-Cycle Eco-Label 33
C.    Environmental Life-Cycle Analysis for Food................ 39
D.    Implementing an Eco-Labeling Program ......  ..... 45
VI. CONCLUSION                          ..................................... 48
Professor of Law, Vermont Law School; A.B.,J.D., The University of Chicago. I
would like to thank MaryJane Angelo, Ashley Campbell Scott, Cynthia Lewis and
Andrea Voyer for their assistance and helpful comments. I also wish to thank the
Environmental Law Institute Press for agreeing to publish my first book which helped
generate my interest in food law. All mistakes and errors, of course, are my own.

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