2 Sports Law. J. 25 (1995)
Necessary Roughness: Imposing a Heightened Duty of Care on Colleges for Injuries of Student-Athletes

handle is hein.journals/sportlj2 and id is 29 raw text is: NECESSARY ROUGHNESS: IMPOSING A
HEIGHTENED DUTY OF CARE ON COLLEGES FOR
INJURIES OF STUDENT-ATHLETES
EDWARD H. WHANG*
I.      INTRODUCION    ........................................................................  26
]I.     NATURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COLLEGES
AND PRIVATE STUDENTS ...................................................... 28
A.      The Demise of the In Loco Parentis Doctrine .......... 29
B.      Landowner-Invitee Liability as a Basis
for Recovery  ...............................................................  31
C.      Is the Student-College Relationship Itself Special? ...... 33
Ill.    NATURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COLLEGES
AND STUDENT-ATHLETES ........................................................ 36
A.      Athletes as Employees of Colleges ............................ 36
B.      The Special Relationship Between Colleges
and  Student-Athletes ................................................... 39
1.      Colleges' Dependence on Student-
A thletes  .......................................................... 40
2.      Student-Athletes' Dependence on
Colleges ........................................................   42
C.      The Distinction Between Student-Athletes and
Private Students ........................................................   43
IV.     THE HEIGHTENED DUTY OF CARE ARISING FROM THE
SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COLLEGES AND
STUDENT-ATHLETEs     ................................................................ 44
A.      Prior Court Decisions Involving School Duty of
Care Regarding Student-Athlete Injuries ................. 44
B.      Kleinknecht v. Gettysburg College: Imposing a
Duty of Reasonable Care for Athletes'
Injuries on  Colleges ................................................... 46
*    B.A., B.S 1992, University of Pennsylvania; J.D. Candidate 1995, University of
Pennsylvania. I would like to thank William Buckley Briggs, Professor of Law, Cornell University
Law School, for his invaluable guidance and enthusiasm. This Comment is dedicated to my
parents, Dr. and Mrs. Ki Jun Whang, for their tireless support of my academic pursuits.

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