12 Seattle J. Soc. Just. 913 (2013-2014)
The Islamic in (Pre-)Colonial and Early America: A Historico-Legal Snapshot

handle is hein.journals/sjsj12 and id is 959 raw text is: 913

The Islamic Influence in (Pre-)Colonial and Early
America: A Historico-Legal Snapshot
Nadia B. Ahmad*
Islam only became a focal point of the national conversation post-9/11
despite being a force in the New World for 500 years. The Muslim presence
in the Americas began at least since Crist6bal Col6n's maiden sea voyage,
in which many Moors accompanied him in 1492. This article will consider
Visiting Assistant Professor of Environmental Law at Pace University School of Law.
LL.M. in Natural Resources and Environmental Law and Policy, University of Denver
Sturm College of Law; J.D., University of Florida Fredric G. Levin College of Law;
B.A., University of California, Berkeley. The author owes a debt of gratitude to Robert
H. Jerry, II, Berta Esperanza Hernindez-Truyol, Juan Perea, Sharon Rush, Terri Day,
Kathryn Russell-Brown, Kenneth Nunn, and the staff of the University of Florida Fredric
G. Levin College of Law's Center for the Study of Race and Race Relations for their
insightful comments and vigorous dialogue as well as encouragement and support and to
Shaykh Hamza Yusuf Hanson, Hatem Ahmad al Bazian, Ananya Kabir, Pheng Cheah,
Judith Butler, Felipe Guttierrez, Cecilia Van Hollen, Rali Konstantinova, Michael Lucey,
Aga Saeed, Ameena Jandali, Maha Elgenaidi, Nadira Mustapha, Irfana Hashmi, Nader
Hashemi, Altaf Husain, Ahmed Bedier, Christine Harding, Kristin Hoffmann, Kevin
Nicholas, Dean Rhoads, Andy Denicole, Jane Jones, Georgia Parker, Sue Speicher, Joyce
Vierling, Ronald Vierling, Meg Allen, Jamie Torres, Derek Okubo, Fadumo Adan, Eman
Beshtawii, and Amira for sowing the seeds of this research. Special thanks to Catherine
Smith, Nancy Ehrenreich, Tayyab Mahmud, Spearit, Liaquat Ali Khan, Margaret Kwoka,
Cyra Choudhury, Hari Osofsky, Jaime Lee, Nancy Leong, Sahar Aziz, Chaumtoli Haq,
and the editors and staff of the Seattle Journal for Social Justice, in particular Elyne
Vaught, Kelli Rodriguez Currie, Isaac Guzman, Zach Haveman, and Rebecca Fish. This
article has benefited from presentations and discussions at the Society of American Law
Teachers (SALT) Teaching Conference and LatCrit/SALT Junior Faculty Development
Workshop at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law in 2012 and
The Forgotten Roots Conference at the University of California, Berkeley in 2000,
sponsored by the then Zaytuna Institute (now Zaytuna College) and the University of
California, Berkeley, African American Studies Department, Near Eastern Studies
Department, and the Graduate minority students project. A note of appreciation to
Akmal, Senan, Hanan, my parents, siblings, aunts, uncles, and cousins. This article is
dedicated to the youth of Newtown, Connecticut, for their courage and resiliency to
overcome and to the memory of the late Derrick Bell.

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