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46 Syracuse J. Int'l L. & Com. 115 (2018-2019)
The Rising Dragon and the Dying Bear: Reflections on the Absence of a Unified America from the World Stage and the Resurgence of State-Based Threats to U.S. National Security

handle is hein.journals/sjilc46 and id is 121 raw text is: 









       THE RISING DRAGON AND THE DYING BEAR:
 REFLECTIONS ON THE ABSENCE OF A UNIFIED AMERICA
 FROM THE WORLD STAGE AND THE RESURGENCE OF
 STATE-BASED THREATS TO U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY

                     Michael R. Sinclair*

I. IN TR O D U CTION   ........................................................................... 116
II. BA CK G R OU N D  ............................................................................ 121
     A. Is It Truly the End of the War on Terror? ........................ 121
     B. America's Retreat From International Leadership .............. 129
         1. America's Persistent Refusal to Sign and Ratify
            U N CL O S  ....................................................................... 131
         2. Eviscerating the ICCPR Through Reservations,
            Understandings, and Declarations (RUDs') ............. 134
      C. Welcome to the  Gray  Zone .................................................. 136
III. THE RISING DRAGON AND THE DYING BEAR ................... 137
     A. The Rising Dragon: Chinese Gray Zone Activities in the
         South China Sea  ................................................................. 137
         1. Factual Background ....................................................... 137
         2. Relevant Legal Issues and UNCLOS ............................. 142
     B. The Dying Bear: Russian Election Interference in the 2016
         U.S. Presidential Election as a Gray Zone Activity ........... 145
         1. Factual Background: What We Know Today About
            Russia's Gray Zone U.S. Election Interference
            Op erations  .................................................................... 147
            a. The C ontext  .............................................................. 147
            b. The Interference ........................................................ 150
         2. Covert Action, Espionage, and the Relevance of
            C oercion  ....................................................................... 154


   * CDR Michael R. Sinclair is an active duty Coast Guard judge advocate who
completed an LL.M in National Security from Georgetown University in May 2018.
The views here are his own and not those of the Coast Guard or the Department of
Homeland Security.

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