9 Seattle J. Envtl. L. 1 (2019)

handle is hein.journals/sjel2019 and id is 1 raw text is: 











                     To  Bee  or Not  to Bee



                         Michael Davids




I.   INTRODUCTION          ............................  .......... 3
II.  BIOLOGY  OF  THE EUROPEAN   HONEY   BEE, APIS MELLIFERA
LINNAEUS           ..................................................... 8
     A.  Anatomy                         ......................8...... ..................8

     B.  Caste System     ........................................... 9

     C.  Foraging Habits                    ....................................... 14

     D.  Life Cycle.      ...................................... ...... 16

     E.  Honey Bee Stressors        ............................... ..... 18

         1.  Pests: Varroa Destructor             ....................... 18

     F.  People                         ............................................... 22

         1.  Inadequate Hives ..................    ...... ........ 22

         2.  Poor Nutrition                   .................................. 26

         3.  The Honey Bee Industry               ...................... 27

         4.  Pollination Services      .................................... 30

     G.  Effects of Interstate Migration on Bees...........        ........... 37

III. LEGAL  FRAMEWORK                          ................................. 38

     A.  Are Honey Bees Wildlife or Domesticated Animals? .................... 39



t Michael Davids. All rights reserved. J. D. candidate, Stetson University
College of Law 2019; B.S. Business Administration Management, summa
cum laude, University of Central Florida, 2015. The Author would like to
thank Professor Paul Boudreaux for his insightful comments on earlier
drafts and Professor Ciara Torres-Spelliscy for her insight into being a
researcher and writer. The Author would  also like to thank Colette
Martinez for her support and loving dedication.

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