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10 Seton Hall J. Sport L. 357 (2000)
Major League Soccer: Antitrust, the Single Entity, and the Heightened Demand for a Labor Movement in the New Professional Soccer League

handle is hein.journals/shjsl10 and id is 361 raw text is: MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER: ANTITRUST, THE
SINGLE ENTITY, AND THE HEIGHTENED
DEMAND FOR A LABOR MOVEMENT IN THE NEW
PROFESSIONAL SOCCER LEAGUE
Phillip Lawrence Wright, Jr.*
INTRODUCTION    .......................................................................................... 358
I. FRASER v. MAJoRLEAGUE SOCCER .................................................. 359
I1. ANTITRUST APPLICATION TO PROFESSIONAL SPORTS ..................... 363
A. Smith v. Pro Football ............................................................. 363
B.   The  Sherman  Act ..................................................................... 364
C.   The  Single Entity ..................................................................... 364
L. THE HEIGHTENED DEMAND FOR A LABOR MOVEMENT IN MAJOR
LEAGUE   SOCCER ............................................................................. 368
A.   The National Labor Policy ..................................................... 368
1.  The  Clayton  A ct ................................................................ 369
2. The Norris-Laguardia Act ................................................. 369
3. The National Labor Relations Act .................................... 369
4. The National Labor Relations Board ................................ 370
5. The Labor-Management Relations Act ............................. 370
6. Collective Bargaining and Arbitration .............................. 370
B. Professional Sports and Labor Relations ............................... 371
1. The History of Labor Unions in Professional Sports ........ 371
2. Collective Bargaining in Professional Sports ................... 372
3. Arbitration in Professional Sports ..................................... 372
C. The Need For the Players to Unionize and Collectively
Bargain in Order to Effectively Resolve Their Disputes
W ith  the League ...................................................................... 373
1. The Employees' Right to Unionize ................................... 373
2. The Unionization and Collective Bargaining Processes ... 373
3. The Benefits of Unionization and Collective
Bargaining   in  M LS ............................................................ 374
Phillip Lawrence Wright, Jr. received his J.D. from Capital University Law School in 1999.
Mr. Wright has experience in case law summary editing for a legal publisher and mass litigation
support. The author wishes to thank Prof. Floyd D. Weatherspoon of Capital University Law School
for his review and comments of this article.

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