1 San Diego J. Climate & Energy L. 287 (2009)
It's Getting Hot in Herre: California Senate Bill 1368 and the Dormant Commerce Clause

handle is hein.journals/sdjclimel1 and id is 291 raw text is: It's Getting Hot in Herre:t
California Senate Bill 1368 and
the Dormant Commerce Clause
ANDREW F. ADAMS*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.       IN TRODU CTION   .................................................................................................. 288
II.      THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE .................................................................. 292
A.    Testing for Violations of the Dormant
C om m erce  C lause  .................................................................................... 293
B.    Current State of the Court on the Dormant
C om m erce  C lause  .................................................................................... 298
III.     DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE'S APPLICATION
TO  S .B .  1368  ..................................................................................................... 30 1
A.    An  Effect, but D iscriminatory?  ................................................................ 302
B .   In  the  Balancing  Test ............................................................................... 303
1.  Best Available   Option  ....................................................................... 304
2.   Legitimate  Local Purpose ................................................................. 305
3.   R ationally  R elated  ............................................................................ 307
4.   Extraterritoriality  ............................................................................. 307
C.    The M  arket Participant Doctrine ............................................................. 308
IV.      PREDICTIONS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
CLIM ATE  LEGISLATION   ...................................................................................... 311
A .   P otential C hallenges ................................................................................ 311
B.    Cooperative   Federalism  ........................................................................... 312
V .      C ON CLU SION   ..................................................................................................... 3 14
NELLY, Hot in Herre, on NELLYVILLE (Universal Records 2002).
* Articles Editor, 1 SAN DIEGO JOURNAL OF CLIMATE & ENERGY LAW (2009).
J.D. candidate, University of San Diego School of Law, expected graduation May 2010;
B.S. University of California at Berkeley. Thank you to my family for their support and
the JCEL board members for their comments and edits.

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