6 San Diego Int'l L.J. 19 (2004-2005)
The Pacific Ocean and U.S.-Japan Relations: A Way of Looking Back at the 20th Century

handle is hein.journals/sdintl6 and id is 25 raw text is: The Pacific Ocean and U.S.-Japan
Relations: A Way of Looking
Back at the 20th Century
AKIO WATANABE*
Speaking of a Pacific Age is now commonplace. About a hundred
years ago, however, it was almost a flight of fancy. In 1890, Manjiro
Inagaki, a Cambridge-educated Japanese diplomat, wrote: Without doubt
the Pacific will in the coming century be the platform of commercial and
political enterprise. This truth, however, escapes the eyes of ninety-nine
out of a hundred, just as did the importance of Eastern Europe in 1790
and of Central Asia in 1857.1 Inagaki's belief was based on the seemingly
inevitable clash of interests between England and Russia in those years.
The rivalry for spheres of influence between the two super powers
extended from the Balkans to Central Asia/Afghanistan and was now, he
thought, extending to Eastern Asia and the Pacific. The Pacific Question
was, he maintained, an inevitable extension of the Eastern Question. ,2
Inagaki sought through his writings to arouse the interest of the
government and people of Great Britain about the importance of Japan.
While Vancouver, which was connected with the east coast of North
*  Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo, and President of the Research
Institute for Peace and Security.
1. MANJIRO INAGAKI, JAPAN AND THE PACIFIC AND A JAPANESE VIEW OF THE
EASTERN QUESTION 21-22 (1890). Born in 1861 in Nagasaki, Inagaki studied in
Cambridge under the guidance of Professor John Robert Seeley. He was assigned to
Siam in March 1898 as charg6 d'affaires at the Japanese legation. There he served as
minister plenipotentiary from 1899 to 1905 (with a seven-month interval in 1903).
Inagaki then served as minister plenipotentiary in Spain from February 1907 until his
death on November 25, 1908.
2. Id. at 10.

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