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64 S. C. L. Rev. 459 (2012-2013)
Fifty Shades of Sanctions: What Hath the Goldsmith's Apprentice Wrought

handle is hein.journals/sclr64 and id is 493 raw text is: FIFTY SHADES OF SANCTIONS:
WHAT HATH THE GOLDSMITH'S APPRENTICE WROUGHT?
The Honorable David C. Norton,* Justin M. Woodard. &
Grace A. Cleveland *
I.  INTRODUCTION                            ..................................................459
11. SPOLIATION LAW: THE LAY OF TH-E LAND                 .............. .............461
A. The Elements ofSpoliation       ..................................463
B. Available Remedies Once Spoliation Is Shown ...........     ..........466
C. The 4dverse Inference Instruction   ...................     .......467
D. Traditional 4pplication of the 4dverse Inference Instruction .............469
111. NUCOR CORP. . BELL: IMPOSITION OF A PERMISSIVE INFERENCE
INSTRUCTION AFTER A JUDICIAL FINDING OF ESI SPOLIATION..................470
IV. SUBSEQUENT     APPLICATION     OF    THE   ADVERSE     INFERENCE
INSTRUCTION            ........................................... ......476
A. Pension Committee and Rimkus.      ...........................477
B. Cases Decided in the Fourth Circuit..  .................................479
C. Imposition   of an Adverse Inference Instruction     in  Recent
Litigation: Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co.   .   ..............481
D. Summary             ...............................................485
V. ANALYSIS: CRAFTING THE APPROPRIATE SANCTION ........           ...........487
VI. CONCLUSION            ....................................................493
1.  INTRODUCTION
Courts have a broad arsenal when it comes to issuing sanctions for spoliation
of evidence. The options give courts the flexibility to pair wrongdoing with the
appropriate response but may also lead to inconsistency and confusion. With
amorphous, open-ended instructions from the Second Circuit-such as the
United States District Judge for the District of South Carolina, Charleston Division. Judge
Norton served on the Federal Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence from 1996 to 2002 and
issued the decision of Nucor Corp. v. Bell, 251 F.R.D. 191 (D.S.C. 2008). discussed in detail in this
Article.
Law Clerk to the H-onorable David C. Norton. B.A., Sewanee: The University of the South;
J.D., Tulane University Law School.
Law Clerk to the H'onorable David C. Norton. B.S., Northwestern University; J.D.,
University of Virginia School of Law.

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