7 Rev. Socialist L. 352 (1981)
Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

handle is hein.journals/rsl7 and id is 354 raw text is: Review of Socialist Law

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Independence-Freedom-Happiness
CONSTITUTION OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM*
Adopted by the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Sixth Legislature, Seventh Session, 18 December 1980.
Nhdn Din, Hanoi, 20 December 1980.
PREAMBLE
Throughout their four-thousand-year history, the Vietnamese people have
worked hard and fought heroically to build and defend their country. This long
and persistent struggle for independence and freedom has fostered the staunch
and indomitable tradition of our nation.
Since 1930, under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam founded
and forged by President Ho Chi Minh, and following the path of the great
Russian October Revolution, our people successively defeated the Japanese,
French, and American imperialists, and their henchmen. They have completed
the people's national democratic revolution, and have embarked on a socialist
revolution and are building socialism. Our country, formerly a colony and a
semi-feudal country, has become an independent, reunified, socialist state, a
member of the world socialist community.
In 1945, following the defeat of fascism by the Soviet Army, our people
successfully carried out the August Revolution. On 2 September 1945, President
Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Declaration of Independence. The Democratic
Republic of Vietnam, the first worker-peasant state in Southeast Asia, was born.
However, the French colonists, with the assistance of US imperialism, invaded
our country once again. Our people, who would rather sacrifice all than lose
our country and be enslaved, waged a long struggle against the invaders and
carried out a program of land reform. The great victory at Dien Bien Phu
brought a glorious end to the war of resistance against the French colonialists. In
1954, the Geneva agreements were signed on the basis of recognition of Viet-
nam's independence, sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity. The victory of
the August revolution and that of the anti-French resistance signalled the be-
ginning of the collapse of colonialism throughout the world.
Stepping into the French colonialists shoes, the US imperialists turned South
Vietnam into a neo-colony and military base of the United States, in an attempt
to permanently partition our country, and to put South Vietnam, Laos and
Kampuchea in its counterrevolutionary front. Pursuing this scheme, they con-
ducted an extremely barbarous war of aggression against Vietnam. Imbued with
* Original English-language translation from IV Foreign Broadcast Information Service 1980
No. 247, published by the National Technical Information Service of the US Department of Com-
merce; the present text has been revised by Phuong-Khanh Nguyen, Legal Specialist, Far Eastern
Law Division, Law Library, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

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