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81 Rev. Jur. U.P.R. 227 (2012)
Haiti: In the Pursuit of Peace, Justice, and Healing

handle is hein.journals/rjupurco81 and id is 231 raw text is: HAITI: IN THE PURSUIT OF PEACE, JUSTICE, AND HEALING
ARTICLE
NINOSHKA G. PICART PiREZ
Introduction              ...........................................      ...... 227
I. Political and Social History of Haiti..    ................................ 228
II. Human Rights Violations from the Coup D'Etat Until Aristide's
Reinstatement, September 30,1991 to October 15,1994      ........................ 231
III.Aristide's Reinstatement and the International Efforts to Restore
the Democracy in Haiti          ....................................... 234
IV. Evaluation of the Transitional Justice Mechanisms Established by
the Haitian Government and the International Community
Assistance             ....................................................235
V. What Happened in Haiti After the Establishment of the
Transitional justice Mechanisms?         .........................   ...... 239
VI.Should    the   Haitian   Government     Have    Considered    Other
Mechanisms?                                                         ........... 240
Conclusion               ............................................   ...... 243
INTRODUCTION
AS IRWIN P. STOTZKY MENTIONS IN HIS BOOK SILENCING THE GuNs IN HAITI:
the Promise of Deliberative Democracy, [t]he history of Haiti is
tragic tale of political corruption and military violence.' For over a
century, Haitians have been victims of atrocious human rights violations. In
cember 1990, for the first time in Haitian history, the Haitians democratically
elected their President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. However, the democratic gov-
ernment was overthrown by military and paramilitary forces in September 30,
1991, and President Aristide was forced into exile in the United States. Haiti once
again was governed by a military government that committed the worse human
rights violations. During the coup d'etat, the United States (U.S.) and United
*  The author is a fourth year law student at the University of Puerto Rico, School of Law. The
author would like to thank Professor Zachary Kaufman for his invaluable lessons during the seminar
of International Criminal Courts and Tribunals, Brian Dick for his editing assistance and thoughtful
review and Julio Guzman for his helpful suggestions. The views expressed in this article are solely
those of the author.
1  IRWIN P. STOTZKY, SILENCING THE GUNS IN HAITI: THE PROMISE OF DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY 17
(1997).

227

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