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40 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 237 (2021-2022)
Trust in Science: The Crisis of Expertise as an Ideological, and Not Only a Scientific, Controversy

handle is hein.journals/qlr40 and id is 253 raw text is: TRUST IN SCIENCE: THE CRISIS OF EXPERTISE AS AN
IDEOLOGICAL, AND NOT ONLY A SCIENTIFIC,
CONTROVERSY
David S. Caudill*
Within the so-called culture wars dividing our nation politically,
there is a law-related division over the trustworthiness of consensus
science-the   so-called  crisis of  expertise.  When   the science
concerning climate change, mask-wearing, or vaccinations becomes
politicized, it loses its mooring in scientific evidence and impacts the
effectiveness of regulatory law. Perhaps counter-intuitively, however,
the solution is likely not to wear Because Science t-shirts while
insisting on cold, hard facts and diagnosing as stupid those who
believe the scientific theories of marginalized, minority-view scientists.
Indeed, a certain level of modesty-regarding the uncertainties and
tentativeness of even the best science-is necessary for the type of
understanding and communication that might convince someone to
change their scientific beliefs. Unfortunately, the reaction of some
scholars to the crisis of expertise is to unwittingly idealize science by
identifying an anti-science ideology in certain segments of the citizenry
while easily ignoring the ideological, almost religious, aspects of both
sides in the crisis of expertise. Indeed, the arrogance of those who
believe consensus scientists (a group to which I belong) probably
increases distrust of established science.
The purpose of this essay is to explain the need for humility and
understanding in policy disputes on the part of those who believe in
consensus science. I first acknowledge the difficulty of useful discourse
Professor and Goldberg Family Chair in Law, Villanova University Widger School of Law.
The author is grateful for the critical comments (in response to an earlier version of this paper)
made by participants in the Feb. 12, 2021, international workshop on expertise sponsored by
The Centre of the Study of Knowledge, Expertise and Science (KES), a research group based
in the Cardiff School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Wales. The author also thanks
Dr. Damn Durant, University of Melbourne, for his helpful insights on Wittgenstein's later
philosophy.

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