87 S. Cal. L. Rev. Postscript 1 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/pstscrpt86 and id is 1 raw text is: 












   KEEPING TRACK OF THE JONESES:

        REDEFINING THE PRIVACY

   BOUNDARIES OF THE DIGITAL AGE



                     KEVIN KROLL*


                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. INTRODUCTION                   .........................................2
II. THE EVOLUTION OF FOURTH AMENDMENT
   JURISPRUDENCE RE: TECHNOLOGY     ......................4
     A. PRE-JONES.................... ..........................5
        1. Katz (1967)......................................6
        2. Smith v. Maryland (1979) .............. .............7
        3. Knotts (1983)....................................7
        4. Karo (1984).....................................9
     B. THE THIRD-PARTY DOCTRINE .............................9
     C. UNITED STATES V. JONES... ..............................11
     D. POST-JONES (UNITED STATES V. SKINNER)...................15
111. THE THIRD-PARTY DOCTRINE SHOULD BE ABANDONED
   OR REVISED. ...........................................17
     A. INCONSISTENCIES. ...................................18
     B. CONSENT.   ..........................................20
IV. HISTORICAL AND REAL-TIME LOCATIONS OF
   CELLULAR  DEVICES SHOULD BE PROTECTABLE
   UNDER  THE FOURTH AMENDMENT      ..................... 21
     A. THE SKINNER COURT'S MISUNDERSTANDING OF
       TECHNOLOGY     .........................................21
     B. DOES LOCATION DATA ENHANCE OR ENABLE POLICE
       INVESTIGATIONS   ...................................23
     C. CELLULAR LOCATION DATA SHOULD BE PROTECTED By
       THE FOURTH AMENDMENT     ............. ...............24
       1. A Trespass Violation  ............... ................. 24


1


* Class of 2014, University of Southern California Gould School of Law.

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