15 Dick. J. Int'l L. 487 (1996-1997)
Illicit Arms Trafficking, Corruption, and Governance in the Caribbean

handle is hein.journals/psilr15 and id is 495 raw text is: Illicit Arms Trafficking, Corruption,
and Governance in the Caribbean
Ivelaw L. Griffith
There are four main drug or drug-related operations in the
Caribbean: production; consumption and abuse; trafficking; and
drug money laundering. These have numerous effects, including
arms trafficking, corruption, crime, and an adverse impact on
tourism, an economic mainstay of several Caribbean nations.
These operations and effects have implications for several aspects
of political, socio-economic, and security conduct in the region,
including the area of governance. This article examines some of
the connections involving arms trafficking, corruption, and
governance.
There are direct linkages among these three aspects of the
narcotics phenomenon: because of its illegality, arms trafficking
necessitates corruption; and both arms trafficking and corruption
undermine good governance. But arms trafficking is not the only
reason that corruption exists. Consequently, there is corruption in
places where there is no evidence of arms trafficking. Further,
partly because of the proscription against drug production,
consumption-abuse, trafficking, and money laundering, corruption
is a crucial facilitator of these illegalities. Because two or more of
these operations exist simultaneously in some places, corruption
often involves inter-locking networks to facilitate production,
consumption, and trafficking, money laundering and trafficking,
production, trafficking, and arms smuggling, or other such combina-
tions.
Arms Trafficking
The ownership and use of arms and ammunition are consi-
dered vital to the successful prosecution of some drug operations,
especially production and trafficking. Weapons and ammunition
are used for both symbolic and substantive purposes: for protec-
tion of drugs and drug operatives; for execution of tasks that
facilitate the pursuit of the interests of producers, dealers, or
traffickers, such as robbery and narcoterrorism; for intimidation of

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