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78 Prison J. 55 (1998)
Victimization and Youthful Prison Inmates: An Empirical Analysis

handle is hein.journals/prsjrnl78 and id is 56 raw text is: 

                                         PRISON INMATES:
                             AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

                                     ANGELA S. MAITLAND
                                       RICHARD D. SLUDER
                              Central Missouri  State University

Prison violence researchers have traditionally studied older offenders housed in
maximum-security institutions. The present study analyzes victimization data from a
sample of young offenders in a medium-security state prison. Youthful inmates were
most often the victims of verbal harassment and property theft. Conversely, few
inmates reported having been sexually assaulted, extortedfor money, or had weapons
used against them. In general, victims were more likely than nonvictims to be White,
have higher levels offear experience more severely the pains ofimprisonment, and
be less psychologically healthy.

   With dramatic increases in the offender population over the past decade,
prison violence continues to be an enduring problem in facilities throughout
the country. Official statistics show that in 1992, state and federal facilities
reported 66 prison murders, with an additional 10,181 inmate-on-inmate
attacks where the victims required medical treatment (Camp & Camp, 1993).
These  statistics critically underestimate the true extent of victimization
because  violence among  inmates  is customarily underreported (Hewitt,
Poole, & Regoli, 1984; McShane, 1996; Reid, 1991).
   Contemporary  penal institutions contain all of the essential ingredients for
the precipitation of violence between inmates. Although linkages between
overcrowding  and violence remain less than clear, some studies suggest an
enhanced potential for violence in facilities with inmate population pressures
(Farrington & Nuttall, 1985; Gaes & McGuire, 1985). The vast majority of
prisons continue to function beyond their operational capacity; in 1994, state
prisons were operating somewhere  between  117%  and 129%  of their esti-
mated capacity (Beck & Gillard, 1995).

   A version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal
Justice Sciences, March 1997, in Louisville, Kentucky.
THE PRISON JOURNAL, Vol.78 No. 1, March 1998 55-73
@ 1998 Sage Publications, Inc.

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