164 U. Pa. L. Rev. 349 (2015-2016)
Ideology or Situation Sense: An Experimental Investigation of Motivated Reasoning and Professional Judgment

handle is hein.journals/pnlr164 and id is 361 raw text is: 










                                 ARTICLE






            IDEOLOGY OR SITUATION SENSE? AN
               EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF
                   MOTIVATED REASONING AND
                     PROFESSIONAL JUDGMENT



      DAN M. KAHAN,Z DAVID HOFFMAN,P DANIELI EVANS,X NEAL
          DEVINS,8 EUGENE LuccI,n AND KATHERINE CHENG



    This Article reports the results of a study on whether political predispositions
influence judicial decisionmaking. The study was designed to overcome the two
principal limitations on existing empirical studies that purport to find such an
influence: the use of nonexperimental methods to assess the decisions of actual judges;
and the failure to use actual judges in ideologically-biased-reasoning experiments.
The study involved a sample of sitting judges (n = 253), who, like members of a
general public sample (n = 8oo), were culturally polarized on climate change,


    a Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Law and Professor of Psychology, Yale Law School.
    p Murray H. Shusterman Professor of Transactional and Business Law, Temple University
Beasley School of Law.
    X Senior Fellow, National Constitutional Center and Analyst, Cultural Cognition Lab.
    8 Goodrich Professor of Law, Cabell Research Professor, and Professor of Government,
William & Mary Law School.
    * Judge, Ohio Court of Common Pleas.
    * Lab Member, Cultural Cognition Project, Yale Law School.
    Funding for the study reported in this Article was generously provided by the Oscar M.
Ruebhausen Fund at Yale Law School. We are grateful to Justice Edward Chavez of the New
Mexico Supreme Court; Judge Melanie May of the Florida Fourth District Court of Appeal; and
Judge Marva L. Crenshaw of the Florida Second District Court of Appeal for facilitating judicial
participation in the study. We also wish to express our gratitude to both the National Center for
State Courts and the National Judicial College's assistance in notifying judges of the online
continuing legal education seminars from which a portion of the judge study sample was recruited;
and in particular to Paula Hannaford-Agor at the National Center for State Courts for consultation,
advice, and encouragement. We are grateful, too, to Meredith Berger and Katie Carpenter for
production assistance.


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