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135 U. Pa. L. Rev. 771 (1986-1987)
House Arrest: A Critical Analysis of an Intermediate-Level Penal Sanction

handle is hein.journals/pnlr135 and id is 789 raw text is: HOUSE ARREST: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF AN
This Comment addresses several of the major legal and policy
questions concerning house arrest, a new, increasingly employed crimi-
nal sanction. Part I summarizes the current uses and conditions of
house arrest in the United States. It is not, nor does it pretend to be, a
comprehensive examination of all instances of house arrest. Much in-
formation is unavailable, because probation departments are either un-
willing or unable to report on their use of this sanction. Also, because
new house arrest programs continue to unfold, an inclusive report con-
cerning the most recent episodes of home confinement would require
constant monitoring and revision. Part I instead examines existing pro-
grams, focusing discussion on the difficulties encountered with house
arrest regimes thus far. Even at this early stage of implementation,
problems have arisen regarding cost, supervision, reduction of prison
overcrowding, and the general purposes of home confinement. Part II
offers a prognosis of the sanction's success or failure based on the above
factors, as well as indices of recidivism and revocation. Part II also
notes that court challenges may arise where courts lack statutory au-
thority to impose house arrest.
Part III discusses the constitutional implications of house arrest.
First, it describes the nature of the state's power to impose probation-
ary regimes such as house arrest and the degree to which probationers
retain constitutionally protected rights. In view of the standards that
courts have announced in the ordinary probation context, house arrest
is not per se unconstitutional. Nevertheless, limitations must attach to
the restrictions imposed on the confinee. Finally, the specific impact on
the detainee's first amendment rights of freedom of religion and associ-
ation are addressed to show the need to structure conditions of home
confinement carefully.


t B.S. 1978, State University of New York at Albany; D.M.D. 1983, University
of Pennsylvania; J.D. Candidate 1987, University of Pennsylvania.

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