16 Pepp. L. Rev. 297 (1988-1989)
Municipal and State Sanctuary Declarations: Innocuous Symbolism or Improper Dictates

handle is hein.journals/pepplr16 and id is 313 raw text is: Municipal and State Sanctuary
Declarations: Innocuous Symbolism
or Improper Dictates?
Jorge L. Carro*
On June 3, 1983, the Madison, Wisconsin, City Council passed a res-
olution supporting those churches in the city offering sanctuary to al-
leged refugees from El Salvador and Guatemala.1 Since then,
approximately twenty municipalities have passed resolutions or ordi-
nances declaring themselves to be, inter alia, sanctuaries, thus giving
their imprimatur to groups sheltering undocumented aliens from ap-
prehension by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).2
Executive declarations in three other cities offer similar support for
* Professor of Law, University of Cincinnati College of Law. J.D., University of
Havana, 1950, M.L.S., Kansas State Teachers College, 1969; B.A., Havana Institute,
1945. I wish to acknowledge the valuable contribution of David D. Jividen of the Uni-
versity of Cincinnati College of Law, class of 1986.
1. Madison, Wis., Res. 39,105 (June 7, 1983).
2. Fargo, N.D., Res. Urging Federal Authorities to Grant Extended Voluntary
Departure Status to Refugees or Temporarily Suspend Deportation of Refugees from
Central America (July 14, 1986); Oakland, Cal., Res. 63950 (July 8, 1986); Rochester,
N.Y., Res. 86-29 (May 27, 1986); Davis, Cal., Res. 5407 (Mar. 5, 1986); Los Angeles, Cal.,
Res. C.F. 85-1948, rescinded by Motion 51 (Feb. 7, 1986); Seattle, Wash., Res. 27402
(Jan. 13, 1986) (repealed on Nov. 4, 1986); San Francisco, Cal., Res. 1087-85 (Dec. 27,
1985); Sacramento, Cal., Res. 85-973 (Dec. 17, 1985); West Hollywood, Cal., Res. 129
(Nov. 25, 1985); Takoma Park, Md., Ordinance 1985-63 (Oct. 28, 1985); Takoma Park,
Md., Res. 1985-29 (Oct. 28, 1985); Olympia, Wash., Res. M-1192 (Aug. 30, 1985); Ithaca,
N.Y., Res. Sanctuary For Salvadoran and Guatemalan Refugees (July 17, 1985); Cam-
bridge, Mass., Res. Declaring the City a Sanctuary (Apr. 8, 1985); Burlington, Vt., Res.
Relating to Support for Efforts to Provide Sanctuary to Refugees Fleeing El Salvador
and Guatemala (Apr. 4, 1985); Madison, Wis., Res. 41,075 (Mar. 5, 1985); Minneapolis,
Minn., Res. 85R-042 (Feb. 22, 1985); Berkeley, Cal., Res. 52,596 (Feb. 19, 1985); Brook-
line, Mass., Res. Concerning Sanctuary for Refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala, and
Haiti, art. 24 (1985); Duluth, Minn., Res. 84-0485R (July 2, 1984); San Jose, Cal., Res.
Concerning U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service Enforcement Policies (Apr.
24, 1984); Madison, Wis., Res., supra note 1.

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