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13 Opuntia Brava 1 (2021)

handle is hein.journals/opbrv13 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                            Capacitaci6n para el desarrollo: Aspectos teoricos y una aproximaci6n a Mexico
                                                                     Oshiel Martinez Chapa


Volumen: 13 Numero: 1
Recepci6n: 18/09/20. Aprobado: 16/01/21

Capacitacion  para el desarrollo: aspectos  teoricos y una aproximacion   a Mexico
Training for development:  Theoretical  aspects and  an approach  to Mexico
Oshiel  Martinez  Chapa1  (omartinez   uat.edu.mx)  (https://orcid.or/0000-0001-9675-
5472)
Resumen
El prop6sito de  este articulo es destacar la importancia de  la capacitacion para el
empleo  y desarrollo de las potencialidades del capital humano. Mediante la utilizaci6n
de  datos de  la Secretaria de  Educaci6n  Pbblica  (SEP)  y el Instituto Nacional de
Geografia  y Estadistica de Mexico  (INEGI)  relativos a la capacitacion, asi como  a
variables como  la tasa de informalidad laboral y educaci6n promedio en las entidades
federativas, se logra advertir un importante crecimiento en esta materia. Los metodos
de  investigaci6n utilizados son cualitativos y cuantitativos, por cuanto se analiza la
teoria existente, y analiza e interpretan los datos. Se destaca la importancia que tiene
la capacitacion en el empleo  formal, el autoempleo y el emprendimiento   mismo.  Sin
embargo,  la inversion en capital humano  requiere tambien  de inversiones en capital
fisico e infraestructura, a fin de lograrse las metas del desarrollo economico. Por tanto,
es  estrategico que los individuos, las organizaciones  y los gobiernos  impulsen  la
formaci6n  del capital humano,  sin descuidar  las demis   prioridades de  la agenda
nacional.
Palabras  claves: capacitacion, productividad del trabajo, capital humano, desarrollo
economico.
Abstract
The  purpose of this research is to highlight the importance of training for employment
and the development  of human  capital potential. Using data from the Ministry of Public
Education  (SEP)  and  the National Institute of Geography  and  Statistics of Mexico
(INEGI) related to training, as well as variables such as the rate of labor informality and
average  education in the states, it is possible to notice a significant growth in this area.
The research  methods are qualitative as it analyzes the existing theory, and quantitative
as regards  the analysis and interpretation of the data. The importance of training in
formal  employment,   self-employment   and   entrepreneurship  itself is concluded.
However,  investment in human  capital also requires investment in physical capital and
infrastructure in order to achieve the goals of economic development. Therefore, it is
strategic that individuals, organizations and governments  promote  the  formation of
human  capital, without neglecting the other priorities of the national agenda.
Key words:  training, labor productivity, human capital, economic development.


' Doctor en Economia (Instituto Internacional del Derecho y Estado). Mister en Economia (Universidad Aut6noma
de Tamaulipas). Profesor de Economia y Administracion del Tecnol6gico Nacional de Mexico, Tamaulipas, Mexico.


PAgina   1

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