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72 Ohio St. L.J. 95 (2011)
The Echoes of Slavery: Recognizing the Racist Origins of the Agricultural and Domestic Worker Exclusion from the National Labor Relations Act

handle is hein.journals/ohslj72 and id is 97 raw text is: The Echoes of Slavery:
Recognizing the Racist Origins of the
Agricultural and Domestic Worker Exclusion
from the National Labor Relations Act
JUAN F. PEREA*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. THE SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CONTEXT OF THE NEW DEAL ............ 100
A. Blacks and Southern Agriculture ........................................... 100
B. The Politics of the New Deal .................................................. 102
II. THE EXCLUSION OF BLACKS FROM THE NEW DEAL ...................... 104
A. The National Industrial Recovery Act (1933) ........................ 104
B. Agricultural Adjustment Administration (1933) .................... 107
C. The Social Security Act (1935) ............................................... 109
D. The Fair Labor Standards Act (1938) .................................... 114
III. THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT AND ITS EXCLUSION OF
AGRICULTURAL AND DOMESTIC EMPLOYEES .............................. 118
A. The Legislative History of Section 152(3) .............................. 118
B. Interpreting Section 152(3) of the NLRA as Racially
D iscrim inatory  ........................................................................ 124
IV. THE AGRICULTURAL AND DOMESTIC WORKER EXCLUSION
T O D A Y   .........................................................................................  126
A . Litigation  Strategy  .................................................................. 127
1. Proof of Discriminatory Intent .......................................... 129
2. The Difference in Demographics ...................................... 133
* Cone, Wagner, Nugent, Johnson, Hazouri & Roth Professor of Law, University of
Florida Levin College of Law. Visiting Professor of Law, Loyola University Chicago
School of Law, Fall 2010; Distinguished Visiting Reuschlein Professor, Villanova Law
School, Spring, 2011. Thanks to Sam Brunson, Elizabeth Dale, Risa Goluboff, Leonard
Mandell, John Nowak, Jennifer Rosato, Larry Schlam, D. Daniel Sokol, Christopher
Slobogin, Barry Sullivan, Alexander Tsesis, Spencer Waller, and Mike Zimmer for their
comments and suggestions. Thanks also to the faculties of University of Florida College
of Law, Seton Hall Law School, University of Richmond Law School, Wake Forest Law
School, University of Nevada at Las Vegas Law School, Washington College of Law at
Catholic University, University of San Francisco College of Law, Northern Illinois
University School of Law, and Loyola University Chicago School of Law for
opportunities to present this work and for helpful questions and comments. I appreciate
the generous financial support of the University of Florida Levin College of Law which
enabled my work on this project.

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