43 Osgoode Hall L.J. 7 (2005)
The War on Terror and the War of Terror: Nomadic Multitudes, Aggressive Incumbents, and the New International Law - Prefactory Remarks on Two Wars

handle is hein.journals/ohlj43 and id is 17 raw text is: THE WAR ON TERROR AND THE
WAR OF TERROR: NOMADIC
MULTITUDES, AGGRESSIVE
INCUMBENTS, AND THE NEW
INTERNATIONAL LAW
PREFATORY REMARKS ON TWO
WARS©
BY UPENDRA BAxI

This article contrasts and compares the war on
terror and the war of terror in the wake of, and before,
11 September 2001. The philosophical underpinnings
involved in defining terrorism are analyzed in the
context of the United States' war on terrorism and
related wars of terrorism, such as the 1998 World Islamic
Council's fatwa. Both wars fall within the wording of
recent United Nations' Resolutions that address the
adverse impact of terrorism on Human Rights. The
understanding of the meaning of terrorism by those
promoting the war on terrorism provides a powerful
political tool, notwithstanding effects on Human Rights
that are similar to the effects that result from the war of
terrorism. These two wars signify a patterned break from
the classical comity between nation-states with respect to
acts of aggression, and the values being promoted in this
context serve the emerging American Empire and the
resistance to it. The result, framed by those promoting
the war on terrorism, is that-either being for or against
terrorism-potential for non-violent solutions are
lessened. Since September 11, the war on terror has
installed a new rule of preemptive self-defence,
grounded in suspicion, and with no recent precedent in
international law.

Cet article met en contraste et compare la guerre
contre le terrorisme et la guerre du terrorisme A la suite
du   11  septembre    et avant. Les    fondements
philosophiques qu'implique la d6finition du . terrorisme
- sont analys6s dans le contexte de la guerre am6ricaine
contre le terrorisme, puis reli6s aux guerres du
terrorisme, comme la fatwa du Conseil du monde
islamique de 1998. Les deux guerres s'inscrivent dans la
d6finition des r6centes r6solutions de 'ONU, lesquelles
traitent de l'effet nuisible que le terrorisme exerce sur les
droits de la personne. Comprendre la signification du .
terrorisme , permettra a ceux qui pr~conisent la guerre
contre le terrorisme de disposer d'un outil politique
puissant, mme si les effets sur les droits de la personne
sont semblables aux effets d6coulant de la guerre du
terrorisme. Ces deux guerres d6notent reffondrement
m6thodique de la communion classique entre Etats
nations en matilre d'actes d'agression. Les valeurs
6rig6es dans cc contexte servent rEmpire Americain
naissant et la r6sistance A son encontre. Le rdsultat,
formul6 par ceux qui mettent en avant la guerre contre
le terrorisme, est que - dtant soit pour, soit contre le
terrorisme - la possibilit6 de solutions non-violentes est
amoindrie. Depuis le 11 septembre, la guerre contre le
terrorisme a instaur6 une nouvelle rlgle d'autod6fense
preventive, fond6e sur le soupgon, rlgle sans aucun
pr6cdent r6cent dans le droit international.

2005, U. Baxi.
Professor of Law, University of Warwick; Vice Chancellor, Delhi University (1990-1994);
University of South Gujarat, Surat (1982-1985).

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