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13 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 931 (1984-1985)
To Control Gentrification: Anti-Displacement Zoning and Planning for Stable Residential Districts

handle is hein.journals/nyuls13 and id is 941 raw text is: TO CONTROL GENTRIFICATION: ANTI-
Displacement from home and neighborhood can be a shattering experi-
ence. At worst it leads to homelessness, at best it impairs a sense of commu-
nity. Public policy should, by general agreement, minimize displacement. Yet
a variety of public policies, particularly those concerned with gentrification,
seem to foster it.
Section I of this paper provides a very brief account of the nature and
causes of gentrification and displacement including their relationship to aban-
donment.' This section also examines public decision making and illustrates
the range of public decisions that are made in the absence of any comprehen-
sive and explicit policy for dealing with displacement.
Section II argues the need for a comprehensive and planned approach to
the problem. Section III proposes one broad way to implement a policy to
combat displacement: Residential Stability or Anti-displacement Zoning, in
the form of a set of floating zones, which may be used in various areas
threatened by displacement in accordance with their specific local needs but
which are part of a city-wide policy to minimize displacement. Section IV
catalogues a variety of other measures that might be used, separately or to-
gether, to implement an anti-displacement goal. The focus throughout is on
the possibilities for municipal action, an unfortunate limitation, perhaps, but
one consistent with current political realities.
A Model Anti-displacement Residential Stability Zoning Ordinance is set
forth in the Appendix.
The problem of displacement in New York City is severe. Displacement
occurs at both ends of the spectrum of spatial change in the city: abandon-
ment and gentrification. There is reason to believe that as many as 140,000
Copyright © 1985 by Peter Marcuse.
* Professor of Urban Planning, Columbia University. B.A., Harvard College, 1948; .D.,
Yale Law School, 1952; M.A., Columbia College, 1963; MJ.S., Yale University, 1969; Ph.D.,
University of California at Berkeley, 1973.
1. A more theoretical discussion may be found in Marcuse, Gentrification, Abandonment,
and Displacement: Their Linkages in New York City, 28 Wash. UJ. Urb. & Contemp. L 195

Imaged with the Permission of N.Y.U. Review of Law and Social Change

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