11 NUJS L. Rev. 1 (2018)
A Case for Universal Basic Income in India

handle is hein.journals/nujslr11 and id is 176 raw text is: 


S11 NUJS L. Rev. 2 (2018)


      A CASE FOR UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME IN INDIA

                        Shrikrishna Upadhyaya &  Sukriti*

Universal Basic Income ('UBI') is a regular cash payment made to all individuals by the State
without any means or work testing. It has historically been debated upon and more than a few
justifications for UBI have been made. UBI has entered policy debate in India ever since UBI was
proposed by the Economic Survey 2016-17 as a social welfare scheme suitable for India. In this
paper, a normative justification for UBI is sought to be arrived at. A right to basic income, by
promoting 'real freedom' of individuals is said to be a part of the conception of substantive dignity of
all individuals. It is important for the actualisation of other rights and freedoms of an individual.
Associated benefits of UBI include realizing the right to adequate standard of living, respecting
autonomy rights of individuals and as a policy intervention in combating poverty and inequality. The
lessons from UBI experiments conducted in different places also sufficiently highlight the advantages
of UBI. The challenges in implementing UBI in India are discussed in the course of this paper
alongside a critical analysis of a model that seeks to overcome these challenges.

                                Table of Contents
L INTRODUCTION......................................................... 2
I.  CONCEPTION OF SUBSTANTIVE DIGNITY: LOCATING A RIGHT TO BASIC
INCOME     ............................................................... 4
   A. UNDERSTANDING DIGNITY                             .................4......... ...............4
   B. TOWARDS  SUBSTANTIVE   DIGNITY                       .................6............ 6
   C. RIGHT TO BASIC INCOME   AS AN INTEGRAL  PART  OF SUBSTANTIVE   DIGNITY12
II  CERTAIN FACETS   OF RIGHT  TO BASIC INCOME..     ..........................15
   A. RIGHT TO ADEQUATE   STANDARD OF LIVING.       ..................... ......16
   B. WOMEN  AND  BASIC INCOME                          .........................................17
   C. POVERTY  IS A RIGHTS VIOLATION..................................... 21
   D. MENTAL  HEALTH  AND  BASIC INCOME       ................................... 25
IV UNIVERSAL   BASIC INCOME   ('UBI') FOR INDIA: THE WAY FORWARD .............. 28
   A. BACKGROUND ON UBI.............................................. 28
   B. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE   IN SUPPORT   OF UBI FROM  AROUND   THE  WORLD   .....29
     1. Alaska, United States of America       .........................................29
     2. Brazil ......................................................30
     3. Namibia ....................................................32
     4. Madhya Pradesh, India          ................................................34
     5. Finland                .........................................................37
     6. Kenya...........................................................38
   C. LESSONS FOR  INDIA FROM  THE  SUCCESS  OF  UBI EXPERIMENTS  ..     ........39
   D. COMMON   MYTHS  ABOUT   UBI...................................43
     1. UBI's Impact on Work..............................................43
     2. UBI's Impact on Temptation Goods.....................................44


April - June, 2018


NUJS Law Review

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 2,700 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Access to this content requires a subscription. Please visit the following page to request a quote or trial:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?