8 Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Q. 1 (1979)

handle is hein.journals/npvolsq8 and id is 1 raw text is: 
JOURNAL OF VOLUNTARY ACTION RESEARCH/1


ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES APPEARING IN THIS ISSUE

VOLUNTARY ACTION: IN SEARCH OF A POLICY?

Adrian Webb

    The concentration upon state social services which has dominated post-war British social
policy has left little room for voluntary social action at a philosophical or  theoretical
level.  Ideological and economic changes have now begun  to bring the alternatives to state
social provision to the fore.  In the particular case of what  are now called the personal
social services, these alternative forms of service and care have always been of  great
practical significance and amount to a larger input of man-hours  than the state services.
Nevertheless, they have been largely ignored in  theory and in public policy. The  article
examines four recent reports which partly counteract  this neglect, but which still fail
to outline a broad conceptual and policy framework within which  to discuss the role of
'voluntary social action'.

THE ORIGINS OF THE FAMILY FUND

Jonathan Bradshaw

    In November 1972, the Secretary of State for Social Services  announced that he would
establish a fund to help relieve the burdens experienced by families with severely disabled
children.  To administer the Family Fund, as it was  called, he turned to an independent
body the Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust.  The origin of  the Fund is traced and it is shown
that it was not a premeditated policy initiative but  a response to a public campaign over
thalidomide damaged children.  The motives  that lead to government to turn to an independent
Trust and the role of the main participants in  the policy making process are discussed.

REFUGES FOR BATTERED WOMEN: SOCIAL PROVISION OR SOCIAL MOVEMENT?

Jan Pahl

    Refuges for battered women have been set up  in many parts of Britain and North America
during the 1970's, mainly as a result of  the efforts of voluntary groups. However, while
some see the refuges primarily as accommodation, for others  they represent a practical
expression of a more general concern about  the ways in which structural and ideological
forces in the wider society  tend to lock women into particular roles within the family.
The paper considers these two positions, drawing on  a research study carried out in one
particular British refuge; it concludes  that though there are many contradictory aspects
to the movement for women's refuges, these ambiguities may be a source of strength  to the
movement.

COMMUNITY ACTION AND VOLUNTARY ORGANISATION

Hywel Griffiths

    This paper considers whether community action organisations constitute a  fundamentally
different type of voluntary action from voluntary organisations concerned with social
welfare and development.
    Exploring the different characteristics of each by reference  to two research studies
undertaken at the New University of Ulster it is argued  that these are best explained by
reference to their respective locations and circumstances.
    Assuming therefore that both types of organisation are but different expressions of  the
one phenomenon,  'community involvement', the author goes on to indicate how a much more
useful distinction can be made between, what are defined as, appealing and non-appealing
organisation.
    Some implications of such a distinction are suggested including the implications for
statutory policy.

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