6 Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Q. 1 (1977)

handle is hein.journals/npvolsq6 and id is 1 raw text is: 1 / JOURNAL OF VOLUNTARY ACTION RESEARCH


JOURNAL OF VOLUNTARY ACTION RESEARCH, Volume 6, Numbers  1-2, Winter-Spring Issues, Jan.-April 1977

ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES APPEARING IN THIS ISSUE:

ARNOLD ROSE ON VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS

Jack C. Ross, pp. 7-17

    This analysis, by one of Rose's  former graduate students, falls into three parts: first, a
presentation of Rose's theory of society, drawn  from his own work, and presented in such a manner
that his theory of voluntary associations can be  understood; second, an analysis of his research
findings presented from  the point of view of his theory; and third, a critique of his work based
on how well his research supported his  theory.
    The materials for this essay were drawn  from three sources: first, the works of the author
himself; second, a selection of reviews and critiques of  Rose's works, obtained from major
journals, to establish what his contemporaries  thought of him; and finally, the personal
knowledge of the author.
    The major conclusion reached is  that Rose's theory of voluntary associations is better
understood in functionalist  terms than in terms of symbolic interaction theory for which he was
known.  A critical analysis of some of his  faulty methodological procedures is also provided.

ALTERNATIVE FUTURES FOR VOLUNTARY AGENCIES  IN SOCIAL WELFARE

Ralph M. Kramer, pp. 18-22

    The paradoxical nature of  the problem confronting voluntary agencies in the social welfare
field is explored in this provocative essay.  On  the one hand a crisis, as perceived by social
service agencies, foreshadows their imminent  demise, while, on the other hand. reports done by
such groups as the Filer Commission document  the tremendous increase in the number of agencies
working in the social service area each year.
    This article described  three sets of factors - domain, fiscal support and structural -
responsible for the current concern over  the changing position of voluntary agencies, each of
which has special implications for a particular  type of agency.  The four types identified and
analyzed in this article are: the private  agency, the quasi-nongovernmental organization (quango),
the alternative agency and  the vendor.  These four types were identified by two criteria: the
extent of their reliance on governmental  funds and the degree of client involvement in policy
making.
    Various alternative  futures are discussed for each of these types based on the three factors
identified.  The article  concludes that the crisis definition of the problem is probably
exaggerated.  A great deal of  flexibility and latitude in the organizational environment of each
type of organization leaves a number  of options open to it.
    One major conclusion is  that much more interorganizational collaboration will mark the field
in the future as  these various types start to blur the distinctions between them and share
organizational resources.

FACULTY PARTICIPATION AS VOLUNTARY ACTION: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

J. Malcolm Walker and John J. Lawler, pp.  23-40

    This article is a contribution  to the growing literature in the field of voluntary action
theory.  It seeks to make  that contribution by (1) developing and utilizing concepts which are
peculiarly appropriate  to that theory and (2) testing voluntary action theory by using concepts
from that theory in empirical investigations  conducted in a variety of contexts, including
those not usually  thought to be encompassed by voluntary action.
    This article is a  case study analyzing faculty participation in university governance from
the perspective of voluntary action  theory.  It thus combines the study of voluntary action
with organizational  theory in an attempt to develop a model for explaining voluntary action
in an organizational configuration  context.
   Empirical analysis of  faculty participation in governance in one university-centered
organizational configuration  indicates that the proposed conceptual framework is useful
in guiding empirical  research into the amount, range, intensity and patterns of collective
voluntary action.   The authors suggest that this framework would be useful in guiding
comparative analysis  among organizational configurations with respect to these same dimensions
of voluntary action.

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