5 Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Q. 2 (1976)

handle is hein.journals/npvolsq5 and id is 1 raw text is: 


JOURNAL OF VOLUNTARY ACTION RESEARCH            Volume 5, Number1
                                                Winter Issue, January, 1976


ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES APPEARING IN THIS ISSUE:





EVOLUTION OF STRUCTURE AND PROCESS IN VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS:
A STUDY OF THIRTY-FIVE CONSUMER FOOD COOPERATIVES
Edward G. Wertheim

  The evolution of thirty-five small consumer food cooperatives was examined
from the point of view of theories of organizations, social movements, and
voluntary associations.  Co-ops were all less than two years old when first
studied in 1971.  A follow-up in 1974 found twenty-four co-ops still opera-
tive.  It was suggested that reasons for survival and failure can partly be
found by examining the organizational structure that each co-op evolved, the
process of goal transformation in the co-ops, and the sources of motivations
and reward each co-op developed.





PRESSURES TOWARDS COOPERATION IN VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS:  THE YMCA AND
YWCA IN CANADA
Frederick Elkin and Catherine McLean


  The National Council of YMCAs and the YWCA of Canada have been subject to
pressures--economic, structural and ideological-- to work more closely
together.  This report is a case analysis of the reactions of the two
Associations to these pressures.  It considers the backgrounds of the two
groups in Canada, their steps towards cooperation, and their differing
responses to the pressures.  The YMCA in general would happily move towards
amalgamation;  the YWCA, with a strong involvement in the concerns of women,
fears too close a link.  The material is presented in the context of
distinctive interorganizational relationships of national voluntary
associations.





ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDIES OF VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS AND VOLUNTARY
ACTION:  A REASSESSMENT
Jack C. Ross


  The assessment of Voluntary Associations and Voluntary Action in
Anthropology made by Dr. Kerri in JVAR 3, 1, is expanded to include earlier
eras.  Additions are made in categories that were underrepresented.  A
critique of Kerri's inclusion of secret societies is made, and an alternative
proposed.

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