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38 Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Q. 5 (2009)

handle is hein.journals/npvolsq38 and id is 1 raw text is: 

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to   Affordances in the Volunteer                                           Ihos~td at


An   Index for Assessing the Impact of Multiple
Matches on Volunteer Outcomes

Arthur  A. Stukas
La Trobe University
Keilah  A. Worth
Dartmouth  Medical  School
E. Gil Clary
College of St. Catherine
Mark   Snyder
University of Minnesota

   The functional approach to volunteerism holds that outcomes from volunteering (e.g.,
   satisfaction and intentions to remain a volunteer) are a function of the match between
   a volunteer's motivations and affordances to meet those motivations found in the envi-
   ronment (i.e., the volunteer activities, position, or organization). In this article, the
   authors introduce an index for calculating a volunteer's total number of matches across
   six motivational categories identified by past research. They demonstrate that this index
   predicts outcomes better than motives or affordances alone and as well as any univari-
   ate match index (i.e., in a particular motivational category). Following logic about
   strong and weak situational contexts, the authors demonstrate that the magnitude of the
   total matches effect may be greater when organizational contexts are less structured and
   smaller when contexts are more structured. They discuss theoretical and practical ben-
   efits of this total match index.

   Keywords:  volunteerism; motivation; satisfaction; organizational structure

O f   the choices available to people in their leisure time, one activity has captured
     the attention of policy makers, community   activists, religious leaders, and
social scientists: volunteerism. Volunteers provide assistance free of charge to those
who  need help-the  lonely, the ailing, the grieving, and the destitute-and, in doing

Author's Note: This research was made possible by a grant from the Nonprofit Sector Research Fund of
the Aspen Institute. Portions of this research were presented at the annual meetings of the Society for
Personality and Social Psychology.


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