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28 Nova L. Rev. 351 (2003-2004)
Recent Trends in the Eleventh Circuit: Removal Jurisdiction and Procedures in Employment Law Litigation

handle is hein.journals/novalr28 and id is 359 raw text is: RECENT TRENDS IN THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT:
REMOVAL JURISDICTION AND PROCEDURES IN
EMPLOYMENT LAW LITIGATION
JAY P. LECHNER
1.        REMOVAL JURISDICTION IN GENERAL ........................................... 354
A.     Federal Question Jurisdiction .................................................... 355
B.     Well-Pleaded Complaint Rule ..................................................... 355
C.     Complete Preemption - Exception to the Well-Pleaded
C om p laint R ule  ...........................................................................  356
D .    D iversity  Jurisdiction  .................................................................. 358
1.      C om plete  D iversity  ............................................................. 359
2.      Individuals ........................................................................... 360
3.      Corporations .............................................................. 361
4.      State  of  Incorporation .......................................................... 361
5.      Principal Place of Business ................................................. 362
6.      Unincorporated Associations .............................................. 362
7.      N ational B  anks .................................................................... 363
8.      Amount in Controversy - What Is and Is Not Included ...... 363
9.      A ctual D  am ages  .................................................................. 364
10.     Compensatory Damages ..................................................... 365
11.     Declaratory or Injunctive Relief ......................................... 365
12.     A ttorneys' Fees   ................................................................... 366
13.     Punitive  D  am ages  ............................................................... 367
14.     Liquidated Damages ........................................................... 368
15.     Costs and Prejudgment and Postjudgment
Interest N  ot Included ........................................................... 368
16.     M ultiple  C laim s ................................................................... 369
E.     Supplemental Jurisdiction ........................................................... 369
1.      Applies    in  Federal Question       Removal Where          There
Is No Independent Basis for Federal Jurisdiction of
Pendent State    Claim  s  .......................................................... 369
2.      Not Necessary in Diversity Cases ....................................... 372
II.       REMOVAL PROCEDURE .................................................................. 372
A .    Tim  e  R equirem ents ...................................................................... 372
1.      Thirty Days from      Service of Complaint Demonstrating a
B asis  for  R em oval ............................................................... 372
2.      When Does the Clock Begin to Run? ................................. 373
3.      Multiple Defendants' Served at Different Times ................. 374

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