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38 Nordisk Tidsskrift Int'l Ret 171 (1968)
The Scandinavian Passport Union

handle is hein.journals/nordic38 and id is 181 raw text is: THE SCANDINAVIAN PASSPORT UNION
By DANIEL C. TURACK
Visiting Professor of Law University of Mississippi School of Law
Introduction.
Between 1929 and the attack on Finland in November 1939,
passports were not required by nationals of the five Nordic countries,
Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden for intra-Scandina-
vian travel.') Proof of identification was accomplished on presenta-
tion of a cheap, easily obtainable vtravel card-K at the frontier, and
even this prerequisite for travel, entry and sojourn was abandoned
between Denmark and Sweden in 1931 for their nationals crossing
the frontier at major frontier stations.2) Almost immediately after the
Second World War, co-operation among the Scandinavian nations
manifested itself once again. On 29 September and 10 October 1945,
Norway and Denmark exchanged Notes at Oslo constituting an
Agreement ' concerning the mutual abolition of visas for their natio-
nals. By autumn 1945 compulsory visas were abolished for travel
between all Scandinavian countries except Finland.4) In September
1945 the Ministers of Social Affairs of the five Nordic States met at
Copenhagen and adopted a draft convention and protocol concerning
the creation of a common employment market.5) Common political
and social ideology led to co-operation6) which encouraged citizens
of one Nordic State to travel and settle in other Nordic countries.
Abolition of Passports For Scandinavian Citizens In
Intra-Scandinavian Travel.
In 1946, Sweden proposed the introduction of a new form of Scandi-
navian travel card for nationals of Nordic countries which would be
usable for all Scandinavian travel. The proposed card was to have a
validity of one year, igsued at a cost of one Swedish crown and
would contain the bearer's name, description and photograph. It was
envisaged that the local police would issue the travel card upon
presentation by the applicant of a birth certificate or some similar
document verifying his identity and citizenship, and a certification
of his photograph by a responsible person known to the police. A

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