42 N. Ky. L. Rev. 475 (2015)
Gambling and the Law: Casinos at the End of the World

handle is hein.journals/nkenlr42 and id is 493 raw text is: 






                     GAMBLING AND THE LAW®*:
                CASINOS AT THE END OF THE WORLD


                                I Nelson Rose°

                                I. INTRODUCTION
    The small city of Ushuaia, Argentina, at the tip of South America, is the main
departure port for cruise ships sailing to Antarctica. The southernmost city in the
world, Ushuaia bills itself as The End of the World. Yet, with only 70,000
residents and a most inhospitable winter, Ushuaia has a bingo hall; a very active
provincial lottery, offering games like roulette; and three casinos.
    Why?
    One of the Ushuaia casinos was clearly designed for tourists: it is flashy
with a large CASINO sign, visible from the nearby cruise ship dock. But at
least on this author's visit to that casino, the patrons seemed to be primarily local
residents. This was during a visit in December 2014 at 10 pm. The sky was still
light, it was the height of their summer season, and two cruise ships were in port.
    There did not appear to be any tourists in the other two casinos, located short
distances off the main shopping street.
    Since Ushuaia is so close to Antarctica, it is not visited much by tourists
except during summer. So, even if the casinos were sold as a way to relieve
foreigners of their hard currency, the reality is that the overwhelming majority of
gamblers are locals.
    Legal gambling makes money, especially if it is a monopoly or oligopoly.
And there is not much else to do in Patagonia in the dead of winter. But no
matter how profitable, 50 or 100 years ago it would have been inconceivable to
find casinos in big cities, let alone three at the end of the world.

                         II. REPEALING PROHIBITION
    Gambling goes through long periods of complete prohibition and recurrent
experiments at legalization.  The U.S. has seen two prior waves of legal
gambling. From the Colonial period to the 1840s, the First Wave, lotteries were
everywhere. Scandals and the spread of moral fervor, in this case, the Great



    * @Copyright 2015, all rights reserved worldwide. Gambling and the Lawe is a registered
trademark of Professor I Nelson Rose, www.GamblingAndTheLaw.com.
   ** Professor I Nelson Rose is recognized as one of the world's leading authorities on
gambling law and is a consultant and expert witness for governments and industry. His latest
books, Gaming Law in a Nutshell, Internet Gaming Law and Gaming Law: Cases and Materials,
are available through his website, www.GamblingAndTheLaw.com.

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