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1 N.J. L. Rev. Univ. of Newark 65 (1935)
Commercial Arbitration in New Jersey

handle is hein.journals/njlrun1 and id is 67 raw text is: COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION IN NEW JERSEY
And for the preventing of needless and frivolous Suits, BE IT
HEREBY ENACTED by Authority aforesaid, that all Accounts
of Debt, Accounts of Slander and Accounts of the Case concerning
Debts, and Accounts, and all Accounts whatsoever not exceeding
Twenty Shillings, between Neighbours, Arbitration of two indiffer-
ent Persons of the Neighbourhood, shall be tendered by some one
Justice of the Peace who shall have Power to summon the Parties
before him, before it be brought to Court......
In these words arbitration was written into the laws of the colony of
New Jersey in the eighteenth year of its existence. On September 20,
1682, the Assembly, in session at Burlington, passed the Act from which
this is quoted, which is not only the first law in the colony of New
Jersey providing for arbitration but is also one of the first in any of the
North American colonies; and in the preamble of this Act the fathers
of the State took cognizance, at this early date, of the fact that in certain
cases suits at law are needless and frivolous, and that arbitration offers
a far more preferable means of settling such disputes.
As a background for this discussion, a brief outline of the early years
of the colony will be of use. On March 12, 1864, Charles II, then King
of England, granted to his brother James, Duke of York, the soil and
government of the northeastern section of America, in which was in-
cluded what now comprises the State of New Jersey.2 The Duke of
York, probably being in need of ready cash, released a certain portion of
this tract, which he designated Nova Caeserea, or New-Jersey, to John
Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret on June 24, 1664.' Forthwith
these two gentlemen published an agreement to and with all and every
the adventurers and all such as shall Settle or Plant in New Jersey and
provided therein for a Governor of the colony and an Assembly for
the making of necessary laws. The first assembly which is recorded met
in March of 1668, and the acts passed by this assembly, as well as by
those which met during the next few years, were of a routine nature and
had to do largely with criminal and administrative matters.
On December 2, 1675, we find the first act of the Assembly which
bears in any way on arbitration. This provided that no debt under forty
shillings should be actionable in any court but should be tried by two
2. Id., at 3.
3. I'd., at 8.

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