31 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 131 (2010-2011)
Kicking Single-Entity to the Sidelines: Reevaluating the Competitive Reality of Major League Soccer after American Needle and the 2010 Collective Bargaining Agreement

handle is hein.journals/niulr31 and id is 137 raw text is: Kicking Single-Entity to the Sidelines:
Reevaluating the Competitive Reality of
Major League Soccer after American Needle
and the 2010 Collective Bargaining
Agreement
I.  INTRODUCTION        ..................................... ........ 132
II. THE BALANCE BETWEEN ANTITRUST LAW AND LABOR RELATIONS
LAW ....................................................... 137
A. THE SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT        ............................. 137
B. SPORTS LEAGUES' ATTEMPTS TO SIDE-STEP ANTITRUST
LIABILITY ............................................... 138
1. The National Labor Relations Act and the Nonstatutory Labor
Exemption        ......................................139
2. The Single-Entity Defense and the Struggle to Apply
Copperweld                       ........................................140
3.    American Needle, Inc. v. National Football League,
et al............................................143
III. MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER'S BACKGROUND         ................... 146
A. AN  OVERVIEW   OF   MLS'S STRUCTURE    AND   ITS PLAYERS'
CONTRACTS        ...................................... ....... 146
B. MLS'S NARROW ESCAPE IN FRASER  .................... ....... 148
C. SETTING THE PITCH: THE SINGLE-ENTITY STATUS AND BROWN V. PRO
FOOTBALL NEGATIVELY AFFECT COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
NEGOTIATIONS IN MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER     ................... 150
1.     Brown's Effect on Collective Bargaining Negotiations.. 151
2.     The Futility of Union Decertification in Light of the Single-
Entity League      .............................   ...... 153
3.     The Futility of Striking in Light of Labor Laws and the
Single-Entity League.............................. 155
D. THE 2010 COLLECTIVE BARGAINING NEGOTIATIONS ....  ...... 157
IV. ANALYSIS OF THE COMPETITIVE REALITY OF MLS's LABOR
RELATIONS         ............................................ ..... 160
A. MLS TEAMS ACT WITH A DIVERSITY OF ENTREPRENEURIAL
INTERESTS IN THE LABOR MARKET .......................... 162
1.     Teams' Technical Director ............  ......... 165
2.     The Designated Player Rule  ...................... 167
3.     Trades                      ................................... 169
4.     Youth Development Teams............     ........... 169
5.     Expansion     .................................... 170
6.     Re-entry Draft............................. 171
131

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