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2012 N.Z. L. Rev. 673 (2012)
The Universal Periodic Review - Is There Life beyond Naming and Shaming in Human Rights Implementation

handle is hein.journals/newzlndlr2012 and id is 699 raw text is: The Universal Periodic Review -
Is There Life Beyond Naming and Shaming
in Human Rights Implementation?
This article examines the traditional manner in which human rights
implementation has been focused on confrontational approaches,
in particular on the practice of naming and shaming, while
more cooperative models have been traditionally overlooked.
Through the prism of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) it tests
the effectiveness of non-confrontational approaches to human
rights implementation. The article challenges the conventional
wisdom among human rights advocates that non-confrontational
mechanisms are synonymous with lack of efficiency and impact, and
suggests that some of the commitments made by states during the
UiPR process could be interpreted as potential sources of obligations
under international lmi
I Introduction
Much ink has been spilt on debates over the universality and the normative
content of human rights. Far less energy has been devoted to analysing the
different conceptions as to the best enforcement mechanisms. Naming and
shaming is the most widely used pressure mechanism by international bodies
in charge of monitoring human rights compliance. Other confrontational
approaches to human rights implementation have also been used to pressure
*Senior Lecturer in Law. Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom. The author would
like to acknowledge and thank the British Academy for its support. Special thanks also
to my colleagues Alicia Cebada, Cathal Doyle, Joshua Castellino, Kathleen Cavanaugh,
Michelle Farrell, Fernando Marifio, Edward McMahon, Nadia Bernaz, Jrmie Gilbert, Jose
A Guevara, and William Schabas for their comments. Websites cited were last accessed on
22 October 2012.

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