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4 New Yugoslav L. 1 (1953)

handle is hein.journals/newyugl4 and id is 1 raw text is: NEW YUUOSLV LAW
NUMBER 1-2              JANUARY-JUNE 1053                 YEAR IV
PREFACE
This number of the Bulletin with the preceding number (No. 3-4
for 1952) is devoted to the Constitutional changes in the system of
government in the People's Republics and autonomous units. Both
numbers constitute a whole and offer particulars on the volume and
substance of the Constitutional changes which took place in Yugoslavia
early in 1953, considerably and even substantially altering the political
system and state polity of Yugoslavia.
As in most federated states, the Federal units in Yugoslavia, the
People's Republics, also have constitutions. The connection between
the Federal Constitution and the Republican constitutions was established
by the Federal Constitution of 1946 in that the People's Republics adopt
their constitutions independently, but that the constitutions should
be in keeping with the Federal Constitution. In addition to other basic
principles on social and political organizations, and on the rights and
duties of the citizens, which are identical with the provisions of the
Republican constitutions, the Constitution of 1946 also contained chapters
on the organization of Republican government. The Constitutional Law
of the 13th of January 1953 contains a lesser number of regulations on
Republican state polity. Besides this, the Constitutionhl Law explicitly
states that these provisions are only general principles, and not the
prescribing of Republican state organization. That is the subject of the
Republican constitutional laws exclusively.
Hence the indispensability of studying the Republican constitutions
and new Republican constitutional laws before the new state polity in
Yugoslavia can be grasped. Shortly after the enactment of the Federal
Constitutional Law, all the People's Republics enacted their own consti-
tutional laws. The People's Republic of Serbia enacted its Constitutional
Law on the 5th of February 1953 (Official Gazette of Serbia, of the
21st of February 1953, No. 5). In the People's Republic of Croatia the
Constitutional Law was also adopted on the 5th of February 1953 (Na-
rodne novine, of the 21st of February 1953, No. 9). The People's Repub-
lic of Slovenia adopted its Constitutional Law on the 30th of January
1953 (Official Gazette of the People's Republic of Slovenia of the 12th
of February 1953, No. 3). The People's ReDublic of Bosnia and Herzego-
vina adopted its Constitutional Law on the 29th of January 1953

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