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21 Negot. J. 171 (2005)
Israeli Settlement Activity in the West Bank and Gaza: A Brief History

handle is hein.journals/nejo21 and id is 165 raw text is: 











   Israeli Settlement Activity in the West

         Bank and Gaza: A Brief History


           Karen Tenenbaum and Ebud Eiran






The impetus to claim   and settle the areas known as the West Bank (Judea
and  Samaria) originated in the aftermath of Israel's surprising victory over
Egypt, Syria, and Jordan  in the Six-Day War in 1967  (Gazit 2003: 241).
Before this war, there was virtually no domestic political pressure within
Israel to expand the boundaries of the state. Herut, a right-wing party and
the  Likud party's predecessor, held to a  traditional aspiration that the
Jewish state should extend to both banks of the Jordan River, but by the
mid-1960s  only a small minority of Israelis held this view.
     The Six-Day War's outcome  surprised and elated Israelis, and laid the
foundation for a fundamental change in attitude. Israel suddenly found itself
with a vastly, unexpectedly enlarged territory, and various political and reli-
gious movements   developed  ideological, political, and financial resources
to fill it. Immediately after the war, Israel annexed East Jerusalem, and there
was  a broad consensus that Jerusalem should become the undivided capital
of Israel. Steps were taken to encourage  Jews  to move  to these newly
annexed  neighborhoods  of Jerusalem. However, our focus is on settlements
activities in the West Bank and Gaza, not the new Jewish  neighborhoods
in Jerusalem proper.' One way to understand the history of the settlements
is to distinguish two broad time periods: the period  between  1967  and
1977,  when  the Labor  party was in power,  and the period  since 1977,
when  Likud  formed its first government.


Karen Tenenbaum is a student at Harvard Law School. She worked as a researcher at the Program
on Negotiation from 2003 to 2004. Her e-mail address is ktenenba@law.harvard.edu.
Ehud Eiran is a senior visiting fellow at the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School
and a Ph.D. candidate in politics at Brandeis University. He previously served as an assistant to
former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak's foreign policy advisor. His e-mail address is
eeiran@law.harvard.edu.


10.1111/j.07484526.2005.00055.x @ 2005 Blackwell Publishing


Negotiation journal April 2005 171

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