40 New Eng. J. on Crim. & Civ. Confinement 313 (2014)
Weapons of Mass (Murder) Destruction

handle is hein.journals/nejccc40 and id is 333 raw text is: Weapons of Mass (Murder) Destruction
James Alan Fox and Monica J. DeLateur*
I. INTRODUCTION
Some of the most prominent and powerful news stories in recent years
have involved rampage shootings in America, especially those in public
places.' From the January 2011 shooting in Tucson, Arizona that claimed
the lives of six people and wounded several others, including Congress-
woman Gabrielle Giffords,2 to the July 2012 midnight rampage at a Colo-
rado movie theatre,3 the December 2012 mass shooting at a Connecticut
elementary school that resulted in the deaths of twenty young children and
six staff members,4 and the September 2013 shooting spree at a Washing-
ton D.C. navy yard,5 these and other multiple-victim        rampages have
sparked heated debate in political circles on the streets of America and on
the media airwaves about gun control.6
Despite the attention given them, mass shootings, defined as homicide
incidents in which at least four victims-not counting the assailant or as-
sailants-are killed by gunfire, actually represent a rather small percentage
* James Alan Fox is the Lipman Family Professor of Criminology, Law and Public Policy at
Northeastern University. Monica J. DeLateur is a doctoral student in the School of Crimi-
nology and Criminal Justice and law student at Northeastern University.
1.   See Polls Ranks Top 10 News Stories of 2012, USA TODAY, Dec. 20, 2012,
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2012/12/20/year-top-news/1783303/ (citing the AP
annual survey of journalists that found mass shootings was considered the top news topic of
2012, eclipsing both the presidential election and Hurricane Sandy).
2.   Marc Lacey & David M. Herszenhom, In Attack's Wake, Political Repercussions,
N.Y.              TIMES,              Jan.             8,              2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/09/us/politics/09giffords.html?pagewanted=all.
3.   Michael Pearson, Gunman Turns 'Batman' Screening into Real-life 'Horror
Film', CNN (July 20, 2012), http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/20/us/colorado-theater-shooting/.
4.   Sandy      Hook      Shooting:      What      Happened?,      CNN,
http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2012/12/us/sandy-hook-timeline/ (last visited Jan. 30,
2014).
5. Rebekah Metzler, D.C. Navy Yard Shooting Kills At Least 13, US NEWS (Sept. 16,
2013),   http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2013/09/16/dc-navy-yard-shooting-kills-at-
least- 13.
6.   Stephanie Condon, Obama Urges Congress to Act in Wake of Mass Shooting,
CBS NEWS (Sept. 17, 2013), http://www.cbsnews.com/news/obama-urges-congress-to-act-
in-wake-of-mass-shooting/.

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