85 Neb. L. Rev. 735 (2006-2007)
Curbing the Dog: Extending the Protection of the Fourth Amendment to Police Drug Dogs

handle is hein.journals/nebklr85 and id is 743 raw text is: Lewis R. Katz* & Aaron P. Golembiewski**

Curbing the Dog: Extending the
Protection of the Fourth
Amendment to Police Drug Dogs
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.  Introduction  ..........................................  736
II.  The  Law   ..............................................  739
A.  United  States  v. Place  .............................  739
B. United States v. Jacobsen ..........................  743
C.  Illinois  v. Caballes  ................................  746
III.  The  Drug  Dog  ............... ........................  750
A. A Dog Sniff is Not a Minor Intrusion ..............   752
B. A Trained Drug Dog Does Not Only Alert to
Contraband  .......................................  754
C. A Well-Trained Dog is Not Extremely Accurate
When Alerting to Illegal Drugs ....................  757
1.  False-Alert Rates  ..............................  757
2. Certification as a Substitute for False-Alert
D ata  ..........................................  759
3.  H andler  Error  .................................  762
IV.  The  H om e  ............................................  765
A.  Kyllo  v. United  States  .............................  766
1. Kyllo as Protecting Privacy in the Home .......   768
2. State v. Rabb: Applying Kyllo to Drug Dogs ....   769
3. Fitzgerald v. State: Kyllo Inapplicable to Dog
Sniff  of Hom e ..................................  773
4. The Supreme Court Fails to Bark When
Considering Sniffs of the Home ................   774
B. The Impact of Rabb on Kyllo ......................    775
 Copyright held by the NEBRASKA LAW REVIEW.
* John C. Hutchins Professor of Law, Case Western Reserve University.
** B.A. 2002, M.A. 2004, University of Michigan; J.D. expected 2007, Case Western
Reserve University. The authors wish to thank Paul Giannelli for his helpful
suggestions, Tim Casey for his helpful comments on an earlier draft, and Tamika
Walker (Case '05), Julie Sankovic (Case '06), and Jeffrey Carter (Case '07) for
their research assistance.

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