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21 Nat'l Black L.J. 137 (2008-2009)
Rotten Apple or Rotten Barrel: The Role of Civil Rights Lawyers in Ending the Culture of Police Violence

handle is hein.journals/natblj21 and id is 151 raw text is: ROTTEN APPLE OR ROTTEN BARREL?:
THE ROLE OF CIVIL RIGHTS LAWYERS IN
ENDING THE CULTURE OF POLICE VIOLENCE
Judith A.M. Scully*
I. THE POLICE CULTURE OF VIOLENCE ........................           139
A. Police Officers As Repeat Offenders .....................      140
B. Police Culture Generally .................................     141
II. ADDRESSING POLICE VIOLENCE .............................          141
A. Police Officers As Repeat Offenders .....................      142
B. Police Culture Generally .................................     144
1. 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 ...............................     144
2. The Efficacy of §1983 ................................     146
3. Drawbacks of §1983 in the Police Violence Context..        147
4.  The Inability of §1983 to Address the Problem of
Police  Violence .......................................  150
III. POLICE CULTURE AND THE CASE OF JON BURGE ...........              151
A. The Torture of Andrew Wilson ...........................       153
1. The Wilson Trial and Other Torture Cases ...........       154
2.  The Internal Investigation into Jon Burge & Other
Officers is Reopened .................................   157
3. Appeal of the Second Andrew Wilson Civil Rights
Trial  .................................................  158
4. Andrew Wilson's Third Civil Rights Trial ............      159
B. Death Row Inmates Tortured by Jon Burge and Other
Chicago Police Officers ..................................    160
C. Through the Jon Burge Case The Community Continues
to Shed Light on the Culture of Violence in the Chicago
Police  Department  .......................................   162
1. Special Prosecutor is Appointed ......................     162
2. The Shadow Report ..................................       164
D. Pursuing Justice in the Inter-American Commission on
H um an  Rights  ...........................................  165
* Judith Scully is a graduate of the University of Chicago (B.A. 1983) and the George
Washington University College of Law (J.D. 1986). Since 1996, She has been a professor at West
Virginia University College of Law. In 2009, She will join the faculty of Stetson University Law
School. She teaches criminal law, criminal procedure, race and American law, and trial advocacy.
She is an activist on issues related to race, criminal justice, and the reproductive health of African
American women. Prior to teaching, She was an attorney in private practice in the City of Chi-
cago where she focused on civil rights and criminal defense cases. Acknowledgement: I would
like to acknowledge and express appreciation for the support I have received in writing this arti-
cle from the Hodges Fund, Dean John Fisher of WVU, and my research assistants Lindsay Dar-
ling (Class of 2008), Michelle Upchurch (class of 2008), William Lee Clark (Class of 2009); Luke
Boso (class of 2009); and Justin White (class of 2010). I am particularly grateful for the encour-
agement and guidance of Michael Imani who repeatedly said to me over and over again Just
write. Just write.

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