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60 Nat. Resources J. 117 (2020)
Energy Decentralization and Decarbonization: The Case of Romania and Malta

handle is hein.journals/narj60 and id is 127 raw text is: 

                            Rafael  Leal-Arcas*
                                Andrew Filis'
                              Victoria  Nalule

                             AND MALTA


         This article aims to provide useful insights into Romania's and
         Malta's electricity sector, and critically assess the extent to which
         their current state is conducive to European Union (EU') smart
         grid objectives of energy decentralization and decarbonization.
         The article concludes that Malta has embraced reforms aimed at
         diversifying the energy sector, including  the deployment   of
         renewable energy  sources, electric vehicles, smart meters and
         smart grids, all of which are aimed at tackling climate change
         challenges. In the case of Romania,  it enjoys relative energy
         independence and  security vis-a-vis its EU peers, but also other
         neighboring countries; however,  it remains  one  of the most
         energy-intensive and polluting EU Member   States. At the same
         time, Romania's performance  in relation to increasing the share
         ofrenewable energy sources in energy consumption and electricity
         production places it among the leaders at the regional and EU
         levels, particularly in terms of wind-generated power.

                             I. INTRODUCTION

         The European  Union  (EU)  pursues  complex  policies to promote the
shared and  collective interests of its members to, among  other things, energy

* Jean Monnet Chaired Professor in EU International Economic Law and Professor of Law, Queen Mary
University of London (Centre for Commercial Law Studies). Visiting Researcher, Yale Law School.
Member, Madrid Bar. Ph.D., European University Institute; M.Res., European University Institute;
J.S.M., Stanford Law School; LL.M., Columbia Law School; M.Phil., London School of Economics and
Political Science; J.D., Granada University; B.A., Granada University. The financial help from two
European Union (EU) grants is gratefully acknowledged: Jean Monnet Chair in EU International
Economic Law (project number 575061-EPP-1-2016-1-UK-EPPJMO-CHAIR) and the WiseGRID
project (number 731205), funded by the EU's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program. Email:
- Research Associate, Queen Mary University of London, WiseGRID project. Email: a.filisgqmul.ac.uk
- Research Associate at Queen Mary University of London, WiseGRID project; PhD in International
Energy Law and Policy, CEPMLP, University of Dundee. Email: victorianalule@gmail.com


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