35 Melb. U. L. Rev. 1136 (2011)
A Decade of Australian anti-Terror Laws

handle is hein.journals/mulr35 and id is 1152 raw text is: A DECADE OF AUSTRALIAN ANTI-TERROR LAWS
GEORGE WILLIAMS*
[This article takes stock of the making of anti-terror laws in Australia since 11 September 2001. First,
it catalogues and describes Australia s record of enacting anti-terror laws since that time. Second,
with the benefit ofperspective that a decade brings, it draws conclusions and identifies lessons about
this body of law for the Australian legal system and the ongoing task of protecting the community
from terrorism.]
CONTENTS
I     Introduction   ..........................................................................................................1137
II    A ustralia's  A nti-Terror  Law s  ................................................................................1139
A   Number of Federal Anti-Terror Laws ......................................................1140
1   Defining   an  Anti-Terror  Law  ......................................................1141
2   How Many Anti-Terror Laws? ....................................................1144
B   Scope of Federal Anti-Terror Laws .........................................................1146
1   The Definition of a 'Terrorist Act' ..............................................1146
2   Offence of Committing a 'Terrorist Act' and Preparatory
O ffences  ......................................................................................1146
3   Proscription  Regim  e  ....................................................................1147
4   Financing Offences and Regulation........................1147
(a)  O ffences  ..........................................................................1147
(b)  Suspicious  Transactions  ..................................................1148
5   Speech Offences and Regulation .................................................1148
(a)  U rging  V iolence  ..............................................................1148
(b)  C lassification  ..................................................................1148
(c)  A dvocating  Terrorism  .....................................................1148
6   Coercive Powers of Police and Security Organisations ..............1149
(a)  Investigation  Period  ........................................................1149
(b) Questioning and Detention Warrants..................1149
(c)  W arrantless  Searches  ......................................................1150
7   Control Orders and Preventative Detention Orders..............1150
(a)  C ontrol  O rders  ................................................................1150
(b) Preventative Detention Orders.......................1150
8   Surveillance   M easures  ................................................................1150
9   Evidence   Procedures   ...................................................................1151
BEc, LLB (Hons), LLM      (UNSW), PhD (ANU); Anthony Mason Professor, Scientia Professor
and Foundation Director of the Gilbert + Tobin Centre of Public Law, Faculty of Law, The
University of New South Wales; Australian Research Council Laureate Fellow; Barrister, New
South Wales Bar. I thank Keiran Hardy for his research assistance. I also acknowledge the debt I
owe to my discussions on this topic over many years with Andrew Lynch and Nicola McGarrity,
and to the expression of our joint views in works such as Andrew Lynch and George Williams,
What Price Security? Taking Stock ofAustralia's Anti-Terror Laws (UNSW Press, 2006). I thank
Andrew Lynch, Nicola McGarrity and the anonymous referees for their comments on an earlier
draft.

1136

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