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101 Minn. L. Rev. 541 (2016-2017)
Policing Criminal Justice Data

handle is hein.journals/mnlr101 and id is 569 raw text is: 









Article


Policing Criminal Justice Data


Wayne A. Logant & Andrew Guthrie Ferguson

I.  The Development of Data-Driven Criminal Justice ......... 549
      A.  Data Collection and Generation ....................549
          1. Data Collection ....................        ....... 549
          2. Data Generation    .................. .....556
      B.  Data Fallibility       ................................. 559
      C.  The Impact of Data Error           ............ ....... 563
          1. On Individuals and Their Communities ..........563
          2. On Governments     ..................  .....570
II. Barriers to Detecting and Remedying Data Error ...........571
      A.  Legal Barriers       ............................ 572
          1. Due Process    ....................    ....... 572
          2. Fourth Amendment       ........................... 577
          3. Statutory Immunity   .............     .......583
      B.  Practical Barriers     ............................. 585
III. Enhancing Data Quality and Ending Data Impunity ..... 591
      A.  Government  Efforts To Enhance Data Quality ..... 591
          1. Federal Efforts   ................... ..... 591
          2. State Efforts  ..........................  595
      B.  Toward Data Quality and Accountability .............. 596
          1. Federal Enforcement of Data Quality
             Standards    ............................  596
          2. State Legislative Action       .................. 604
          3. Judicial and Local Involvement .......       ..... 608
IV. Obstacles and Responses    .................... .....611
Conclusion         .................................. .... 615


   t  Gary & Sallyn Pajcic Professor of Law, Florida State University Col-
lege of Law.
   tt  Professor of Law, UDC David A. Clarke School of Law. Thanks to
Brandon Garrett, Jim Jacobs, Elizabeth Joh, Dave Markell, Mark Seidenfeld,
Chris Slobogin, and Ron Wright for their very helpful input, and James Falls,
Barbara Kaplan, Mary McCormick, and Jacqueline Van Laningham for their
excellent research assistance. Copyright @ 2016 by Wayne A. Logan & Andrew
Guthrie Ferguson.


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