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21 Med. & L. 211 (2002)
The Core Concepts of the Four Principles of Bioethics as Found in Islamic Tradition

handle is hein.journals/mlv21 and id is 225 raw text is: 

Med Law (2002) 21:211-224                                 Medicine
                                                            and Law
                                                            0 YOZMOT 2002

Principles of Medical Ethics - Legal and Moral Guidelines

Sahin Aksoy* and Abdurrahman Elmali^

      Abstract: Ethics can be described as a sub-branch of applied
      philosophy that seeks 'what is the right and the wrong, the
      good and the bad set of behaviours in a given circumstance'.
      Bioethics, however, is a quasi-social science that offers
      solutions to the moral conflicts arising in medical and
      biological science practice.
      There have been different ethical approaches to the issues in the
      history of philosophy. Two American philosophers, Beauchamp and
      Childress, formulated some ethical principles namely 'respect to
      autonomy', 'justice', 'beneficence' and 'non-maleficence'. These
      'Four Principles' which have almost always existed and govern the
      ethical behaviour of human societies, were presented by the authors
      as universal and applicable to any culture and society.
      These 'Four Principles' have been one of the most widely discussed
      issues in Biomedical Ethics with arguments for and against them. The
      authors' claim has been tested by research conducted in different
      cultures and societies. In this study we aim to explore the roots of the
      'Four Principles' in Islamic tradition and culture, and show that this
      particular set of principles are not something new but only one of the
      latest formulations of age-old common sense principles. It is therefore
      concluded that these principles are already being applied in Islamic
      traditional and cultural societies.

 Assistant Professor, Harran University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical
Ethics and History of Medicine, Sanliurfa-TURKEY
  Associate Professor, Harran University Faculty of Theology, Department of
Basic Islamic Sciences, Sanliurfa-TURKEY


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