31 Mich. J. Int'l L. 621 (2009-2010)
The Use of Article 31(3)(C) of the VCLT in the Case Law of the ECtHR: An Effective Anti-Fragmentation Tool or a Selective Loophole for the Reinforcement of Human Rights Teleology - Between Evolution and Systemic Integration

handle is hein.journals/mjil31 and id is 627 raw text is: THE USE OF ARTICLE 31(3)(C) OF THE VCLT
IN THE CASE LAW OF THE ECtHR:
AN EFFECTIVE ANTI-FRAGMENTATION TOOL
OR A SELECTIVE LOOPHOLE FOR THE
REINFORCEMENT OF HUMAN
RIGHTS TELEOLOGY?
BETWEEN EVOLUTION
AND SYSTEMIC INTEGRATION
Vassilis P. Tzevelekos*
INTRODU   CTION  ...................................................................................... 622
I. THE RISK OF NORMATIVE FRAGMENTATION: NEW PROBLEMS,
O LD  CONTRIVANCES ................................................................. 628
A. The Fragmentation Dichotomy: Towards a Telos? ............ 628
B. Article 31(3)(c) and Its Late Elevation to an
Anti-Fragmentation Tool: A Servitore di due Padroni? ..... 630
II. INTERPRETING THE ECHR: PLURALISM WITHIN
A  D UALIST  D kCOR  .................................................................... 637
A. The Dualist Confines of Pluralism in the Means of
Interp retation  ..................................................................... 637
B. The Dualist Confines of the Special Nature
of  the  E C H R  ....................................................................... 64 1
III. THE USE OF ARTICLE 31(3)(c) IN ECTHR CASE LAW ............. 645
A .  Norm ative  Aspects ............................................................. 647
1. The Complementary Role of International Law:
Pseudo-Systemic Integration? ..................................... 647
2. Conflict Between Norms of International Law
and  the  EC H R   ............................................................. 665
3. Resort to (General) International Law for Questions
Outside the ECHR's Subject Matter ........................... 670
*    Research Scholar, University of Michigan Law School; Attorney, Athens' Bar;
M.Res, European University Institute (Italy); M.A., European Political and Administrative
Studies, College of Europe (Belgium); DEA Droit international public et organisations inter-
nationales, Paris 1 Panth6on-Sorbonne (France); LL.B., National and Kapodistrian University
of Athens (Greece). The author is grateful to Professor Pierre-Marie Dupuy, Professor Petros
Mavroidis, Professor Ole Spiermann, Professor Mark Toufayan, and Mr. Vaios Koutroulis for
their constructive comments on earlier drafts. The Article also benefited from questions from
participants at symposia, workshops, and conferences at the European University Institute,
University of Oslo, Columbia Law School, and the University of Macedonia (Hellenic Society
of International Law). Author welcomes comments by email to Vassilis.Tzevelekos@EUI.eu.
The usual disclaimer applies.

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