24 Mich. J. Int'l L. 893 (2002-2003)
Inordinate Chill: Bits, Non-NAFTA Mits, and Host-State Regulatory Freedom - An Indonesian Case Study

handle is hein.journals/mjil24 and id is 909 raw text is: STUDENT NOTE
INORDINATE CHILL: BITS, NON-NAFTA MITS,
AND HOST-STATE REGULATORY FREEDOM-
AN INDONESIAN CASE STUDY
Stuart G. Gross*
IN TRODUCTION     ...................................................................................... 894
I. THE INDONESIAN ENVIRONMENT ............................................. 902
A. Environmental and Social Concerns .................................. 903
B .  Forestry  Law    ...................................................................... 904
C. Mining and Investment Law ............................................... 906
II. THE INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENT ....................................... 909
A .  Controlling   Purpose   .......................................................... 909
1.   Scope of the Agreements ............................................. 912
2.   T he  Pream bles ............................................................. 914
III. JURISDICTIONAL ISSUES -RATIONE MATERIAE
AND RA TIONE PERSONAE ........................................................... 916
A .  R atione  Personae ............................................................... 918
1.  Investor Qualification .................................................. 918
B .  Ratione  M  ateriae  ............................................................... 921
1.  Investment Qualification ............................................. 921
2.   Qualification of the Dispute ........................................ 929
C.   The  G OI's  Consent ............................................................ 930
1.  A  us-Indo  B IT  .............................................................. 931
2.   A SEA  N   M IT  ............................................................... 932
3.   U K -Indo  B IT  ............................................................... 933
IV. ADJUDICATION ON THE MERITS ............................................... 933
A. Fair and Equitable Treatment ............................................ 934
1.  T he  Standard  ............................................................... 935
2.   C ases A pplying  It ........................................................ 937
3.   Application to Our Facts ............................................. 940
B.   Indirect Expropriation    ....................................................... 941
1.  A Right to Expropriate ................................................ 943
2. Equivalent: equal in quantity, value, force,
m eaning, etc............................................................... 947
3.   No Transfer of Benefits ............................................... 952
V. CONCLUSION-FINAL PROACTIVE SOLUTIONS ......................... 954
*     J.D., University of Michigan Law School, expected 2004; M.A., University of
Michigan Center for Southeast Asian Studies, expected 2004. The author would like to thank
the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), particularly Owen Lynch, Daniel
Magraw, and Steve Porter; Professor Robert Howse and Professor Joel Samuels at the Univer-
sity of Michigan Law School; his editors, Cat Blanchet and Emily Dawson at the Michigan
Journal of International Law; Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM), particularly Tracy
Glynn; Professor Gary Bell; Former Secretary General Robert Thompson. The author would
like to thank his entire family for their unflagging support.

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