26 Minn. J. Int'l L. 189 (2017)
(Re)Discovering Duties: Individual Responsibilities in the Age of Rights

handle is hein.journals/mjgt26 and id is 193 raw text is: 








Article


(Re)discovering Duties:


Individual Responsibilities in the Age of Rights


Fernando Berdion Del Valle and Kathryn Sikkink*


    There cannot be 'innate' rights in any other sense than
    that in which there are innate duties, of which, however,
    much  less has been heard. I


    L   INTRODUCTION: WHAT HAPPENED TO DUTIES?


    Human rights are, simultaneously, legal, moral, and
political claims.2 Equally important, however, is the fact that
human  rights are fundamentally claims about relationships.3 To
have any  practical meaning, human   rights must be recognized


    * We thank Zachary Kaufman, Gerald L. Neuman, Samuel Moyn, Antje
Vetterlein, and Christopher Roberts for their comments and suggestions on
earlier versions of this paper. Participants in workshops at the University of
Minnesota Law School on The State of the Field: Challenges and Opportunities
in the Study of Human Rights, and at the University of Michigan Law School
on Human Rights: Theory and Practice, also provided useful comments and
feedback; in particular we thank Zacharay Elkins, Barbara Frey, Stephen Meili,
Julian Ku, Fionnuala Ni Aoldin, Christopher McCrudden, Steven Ratner,
Christopher Roberts, Joachim Savlesberg, Rebecca Scott, Kiyoteru Tsutsui,
Jeremy Waldron, and David Weissbrodt. We also thank Daniel Severson, Becca
Donaldson, and Elizabeth Hadaway for helpful suggestions and comments.
Finally, we wish to thank Jessica Tueller, Brooke Coe, Grayson Fuller, and
Giovanna Robledo for their research assistance.
    1. See THOMAS HILL  GREEN &  PAUL HARRIS, LECTURES  ON THE
PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL OBLIGATION AND OTHER WRITINGS 28 (Paul Harris &
John Morrow eds., 1986).
   2. See TONY EVANS, US HEGEMONY  AND THE PROJECT OF UNIVERSAL
HUMAN  RIGHTS 3, 7 (1996).
   3. See LouIs HENKIN, THE AGE OF RIGHTS 2 (1990); CHRISTOPHER N. J.
ROBERTS, THE CONTENTIOUS HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN
RIGHTS 122 (2015); Siegfried Schieder, Pragmatism as a Path Towards a
Discursive and Open Theory of International Law, 11 EUR. J. INT'L L. 663, 686-
90 (2000).


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