1 Mich. J. Gender & L. 33 (1993)
An Analysis of Individual, Institutional, and Cultural Pimping

handle is hein.journals/mjgl1 and id is 39 raw text is: AN ANALYSIS OF INDIVIDUAL, INSTITUTIONAL,
Cvelina qiobbe
A pimp is a man .. . who takes all or a part of the earnings
of women who sell their bodies for gain. He may have invei-
gled her into becoming a prostitute or acquired her after she
started the business. Invariably he encourages her to continue
in prostitution, and he may be either her lover or her hus-
band, but always he is her supposed protector.'
These words, written by Dr. Ben Reitman in 1931, begin his book The
Second Oldest Profession,2 describing the life of the American pimp.
Over forty years passed before another full volume was devoted to
examining the personal characteristics, motivation, and behavior of
these men, who are central to the recruitment of women and girls into
prostitution. Yet Reitman's analysis left its mark on the subsequent
volumes that were written about the prostitute by psychologists, psychi-
atrists, and social scientists, who mentioned the pimp only in passing,
almost as a footnote.3 By the time pimping took a central role on the
t   I would like to express my thanks to Margaret Baldwin, Professor of Law, Florida
State University, College of Law, for sharing her insights and her considerable
editorial skills and helping me to maneuver the subtleties of writing for a law
* Evelina Giobbe is Program Director of Women Hurt in Systems of Prostitution En-
gaged in Revolt (WHISPER), Minneapolis, Minnesota. She has taught classes on
prostitution, pornography, and mental health issues at St. Cloud State University
and the University of Minnesota. She has authored articles on commercial sexual
exploitation including Prostitution: Buying the Right to Rape, in RAPE AND SEXUAL
ASSAULT III: A RESAlcH HANDBOOK (Ann W. Burgess ed., 1991). She has pro-
duced a video documentary and edited an audiotape series on prostitution and
related topics. She has collaborated on a forthcoming monograph for the Depart-
ment of Justice entitled FEMALE JUVENILE PROSTITUTES. As a representative of the
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, she recently participated in the United
Nations Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, where she proposed
solutions to international trafficking in women.
1. BEN L. RErTMA, THE SECOND OLDEST PROFESSION 3 (1931) (emphasis added).
2. RErrMAN, supra note 1.
BIBL uo YI- 89-90 (1991) (out of the 1,240 titles listed, only seven titles are

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