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9 Mizan L. Rev. 1 (2015)

handle is hein.journals/mizanlr9 and id is 1 raw text is: 






     Access to Urban Land and its Role in

       Enhancing Business Environment:

    Multi-track versus Mono-route Land-use Markets

                                                             Elias N. Stebek'
Abstract
        Access to urban land for business activities relates to access to working space,
        or using and/or controlling a unit of land based on open access, land ownership,
        land lease, business lease or premise rentals. Diversified and broad-based
        access to urban land with due regulatory control against speculation and
        holdouts enhances the dynamism and competitiveness of business activities,
        while on the contrary, mono-route land use markets such as municipal control
        of urban land provision suppresses the supply and transferability of land use
        rights thereby creating land use market imperfections. This article discusses the
        role of access to urban land and its transferability in enhancing the business
        environment, inter alia, as one of the major inputs in the production of goods
        and services. Rising urban population and correspondingly increasing business
        activities lead to urban intensification and urban frontier expansion to adjacent
        rural areas which should be addressed with prudence and caution in the context
        of accurate land information, efficient utilization of urban land, effective and
        transparent land governance and due attention to good practices in comparative
        legal regimes.

Key   terms
        Access to urban land, business environment, urban land law, urban
        intensification, urban extensions, informal settlements, Ethiopia.
DOI     http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mldr.v9il.1


Introduction

Every  person occupies a space  during each second  of his/her lifetime. While
most  of the space we occupy  at any given moment   is public space (such as a
street or an open space), there are units of land over which individuals, groups
of persons, communities   or juridical persons claim a spectrum  of exclusive
rights of use and control. Access  to land does not thus mean  dominion  over




  Elias N. Stebek (LL.B, LL.M, PhD), Associate Professor, St. Mary's University, School of
  Graduate Studies. An earlier version of this article was part of an unpublished research
  paper titled Access to Urban Land for Private Sector Development in Ethiopia (dated
  June 9, 2015) which was submitted to Private Sector Development Hub, Ethiopian
  Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations.
                                      1

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