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12 Mizan L. Rev. 1 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/mizanlr12 and id is 1 raw text is: 






     Challenges of Ethnic Representation in

        Ethiopia and the Need for Reform

                                                               Beza  Dessalegn

Abstract
    Although the Ethiopian federal dispensation legitimizes political participation
    based on ethnic identity, the arrangement, both through design and political
    practice, has led to the skewed representation of ethnic groups. The article
    examines these challenges and argues that in addition to the existing electoral
    system, difficulties pertaining to the holding of free and fair elections, ethnic
    voting, the  role of  political parties and majoritarian decision-making
    procedures have severely undermined  the effective political participation of
    ethnic communities. Moreover, the manner  in which electoral constituencies
    are formed  largely benefit the politically and numerically dominant ethnic
    group thereby undermining  the representation of ethnic minorities. Yet, in
    some  cases, notwithstanding the existence of ethnic groups with numerical
    ascendancy within an electoral constituency, the political practice ensures that
    a 'favored' ethnic group, despite being a numerical minority, is made the
    political majority. In the veil of these obstacles, it is contended that a mere
    change  in the electoral system  alone, without due  consideration to the
    aforementioned factors, cannot bring a full-fledged solution to the underlying
    problems the political system is facing.

Key   terms
    Ethnic representation - Ethno-federalism - Electoral constituencies -
    Ethnic minorities - Ethiopia
DOI     http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/m1r.v12il.1

        Received: 17 March 2018         Accepted: 7 September 2018

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-
    NoDerivs (CC  BY-NC-ND)



  Beza Dessalegn (LLB, LLM, PhD); Assistant Professor at Hawassa University, College of
  Law and Governance, School of Law. I am grateful for my colleagues Nigussie Afesha
  and Gosaye Ayele for their constructive comments on an earlier draft of this paper. I am
  also indebted to the two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, which
  has helped improve this article. Email: bezadesy@yahoo.com
  Frequently used acronyms:
  FPTP   First-past-the-post (electoral system)
  NEBE  National Electoral Board of Ethiopia
  PR     Proportional Representation (electoral system)
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