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19 Minn. J.L. Sci. & Tech. 305 (2018)
Fundamental Protections for Non-Biological Intelligences or: How We Learn to Stop Worrying and Love Our Robot Brethren

handle is hein.journals/mipr19 and id is 309 raw text is: 


Fundamental Protections for Non-Biological
Intelligences or: How We Learn to Stop Worrying
and Love Our Robot Brethren

Ryan Dowell*

    In the future, it is possible that humans will create
machines that are thinking entities with faculties on par with
humans. Computers are already more capable than humans at
some tasks,1 but are not regarded as truly intelligent or able to
think. Yet since the early days of computing, humans have
contemplated the possibility of intelligent machines-those
which reach some level of sentience.2 Intelligent machines could
result from highly active and rapidly advancing fields of
research, such as attempts to emulate the human brain, or to
develop generalized artificial intelligence (AGI). If intelligent
machines are created, it is uncertain whether intelligence would
emerge   through   gradual development or       a  spontaneous

C 2018 Ryan Dowell
    * JD Candidate 2018, University of Minnesota Law School; BS
University of Kansas, 2013. Thank you to Professors Brian Bix and Francis
Shen for feedback and guidance on this Note. Thanks to friends and family who
have supported me throughout the years, and to the staff of MJLST for their
invaluable work.
    1. See, e.g., Nicola Amoroso et al., Brain Structural Connectivity Atrophy
in Alzheimer's Disease, CORNELL U. LIBR. ARXIV (Sept. 9, 2017),
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1709.02369.pdf (discussing the use of a computer to
identify Alzheimer's disease from medical imaging); Demis Hassabis, Artificial
Intelligence: Chess Match of the Century, 544 NATURE 413, 413 14 (2017)
(discussing the 1997 matchup between chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov and
IBM's Deep Blue computer, which won the bout); Charlie Schmidt, M. D.
Anderson Breaks with IBM  Watson, Raising Questions About Artificial
Intelligence in Oncology, 109 J. NAT'L CANCER INST., May 2017, at 4 5
(describing how Watson is used to read the large body of medical publications
and deliver information to doctors).
    2. See Irving John   Good, Speculations Concerning the First
Ultraintelligent Machine, 6 ADVANCES COMPUTERS 31, 32 33 (1966).

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